时间:2024-05-28 08:38:52 考研英语 我要投稿






  Laziness is a sin. everyone knows that. We have probably all had lectures pointing out that lazi-ness is immoral, that it is wasteful,and that lazy people will never amount to anything in life.

  But laziness can be more harmful than that, and it is often caused by more complex reasons than the simple wish to avoid work. Some people who appear to be lazy are suffering from much moreserious problems. They may be so distrustful of their fellow workers that they are unable to join in any group task for fear of being laughed at or fear of having their ideas stolen. These people who seem lazy may be deadened by a fear of failure that prevents fruitful work. Or other sorts of fantasies may prevent work: some people are so busy planning, sometimes planning great deals of fantastic achievements, that they are unable to deal with whatever " lesser " work is on hand. Still other people are not avoiding work, strictly speaking; they are nearly procrastinating---rescheduling their day.

  Laziness can actually be helpful. Like procrastinators,some people look lazy when they are really thinking, planning, researching. We should all remember that some great scientific discoveries occurred by chance. Newton wasn't working in the orchard when the apple hit him and he devised the theory of gravity. Taking a rest can be particularly helpful to the athlete who is trying too hard or the doctor who's simply working himself overtime too many evenings at the clinic.

  So be careful when you' re tempted to call someone lazy.That person may be thinking, resting or planning his or her next book.













  误:Attitudes Toward Money

  正:Attitudes toward Money







  如:He said,He is going to Shanghai next week.


  如:DrG .G . East





  例如:Captain SmithSmith, the captain;Uncle GeorgeGeorge ,my uncle






  3、全文结构布局:全文分为三段,第一段3句,第二段5句,第三段4句,可根据具体情况调整。段落中,第一句是topic ,第二三句是detail ,第三句是conclusion 。





  KEYWORDS: “Shanzhai” or “copycat”(山寨)


  As is indicated in the illustration given above, one well-known historical notability named Li Kui is being astonished by his another-self, who is standing in the opposite side, with a disgraceful note in his hand announcing “giving you the parallel experience as the original edition could pay”. So, paid for what? Definitely, he would be paid for his special reputation as a so-called “Copycat Big Star” or “Shanzhai Superstar” which is rampant in today’s China.

  The trend of the variety of human culture is unchangeable even without the action delivered by human beings ascribing to the various individualities themselves, so is this round of culture revolution. The novelties emanating from the “Copycat Culture”--“Shanzhai Movie”, “Shanzhai Camera” and even “Shanzhai Celebration of Spring Festival” have brought a lot of entertainment to the public to some extent, but what we should never be blind to is their negative influence if they go to extremes hypothetically. Just as the exemplification demonstrated in the cartoon goes, “Shanzhai Star” is taking advantage of the fame or profitable value generating from the true superstar, sometimes this kind of behavior is a typical infringement to the intellectual property indeed, which we can never fail to recognize from TV programs or newspapers always.

  Then, the question goes to another orientation, that is, whether or not should we admit the existence of “Copycat Culture” or to what extent could we make efforts to protect the rights of original authority? It goes with no denying that the engine of the development of a country is subject to the nation’s creative power, which needs the much strongest protection from no matter government or civilian to fight with any behavior ravaging this kind of ecological balance. Fortunately, the first good news has been neting in -- “a unique 15-digit code, the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI), is being applied to China’s more than 200 types of registered mobile phones. The effort will netbat “Shanzhai” mobile phones, or copycat phones, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology said recently. ”




  Part A Write an email of about 100 words to a foreign teacher in your college inviting him/her to be a judge for the upcoming English speech contest.

  You should include the details you think necessary

  You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the e-mail Use “Li Ming” instead.

  Dear Mr. Williams,

  I am the assistant of the English Department of Pecking University. I am writing on behalf of the department to invite you to give a lecture in our college.

  We know that you are an expert on American literature. As English majors, our students would like to know something about American literature. We would be very grateful if you could give a talk on ?Contemporary American Literature? to students of the English Department on Saturday, June 4 in our campus. If this subject does not suit you, any other similar topic would be welcomed as well.

  We sincerely hope that you can accept this invitation. We are looking forward to the opportunity to benefit from your experience and wisdom.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming



  Dear Sir or Madam,

  As a student to take CET-6 in this coming December, I am writing to ask if there are some high quality test preparation materials.

  I wonder if you have the following books: a vocabulary book covering the 5,500 words for the CET-6 test as well as past test papers with keys and model essays and a Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, which I can turn for help. Besides, how should I pay for these books? By cash or by other means? Finally, if I order these books now, when can I get them and how will these books be sent to my house? I would be grateful if you could give me an early reply.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming



  Dear Classmates,

  As the monitor of our class, I am writing to call on all students to take part in a charity sale which will be held on January 10.

  I appeal to everyone in our class to donate as much as you can to a fund that we have set up to cover their tuition fees and other expenses. As long as we can raise sufficient money, those poor kids will be able to afford their education and finish school.

  As a nation renowned in the world for many of its virtues, we Chinese people have been giving a helping hand to those who are in distress throughout history. It is our duty to provide as much support as we can to those in need. Please contribute generously.

  Yours sincerely, Li Ming



  51. Directions:

  Two months ago you got a job as an editor for the magazine Designs & Fashions.

  But now you find that the work is not what you expected. You decide to quit. Write a letter to your boss, Mr. Wang, telling him your decision, stating your reason (s), and making an apology.

  Write your letter with no less than 100 words. Write it neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter; use “Li Ming” instead.

  You do not need to write the address. (10 points)

  Dear Mr. Wang,

  I am writing this letter to apologize that I will quit the position as an editor for your magazine for the reason of myself.

  During the period working here, I have come to realize that the job probably is not suitable for me, because I want a more peaceful life, such as a teacher. And you know that I am not an out-going girl, I find that I am not able to devote all my efforts to a job which I do not really like.

  I was deeply impressed by the kindness, diligence of all staff around. Therefore, I am so sorry to tell you my decision to quit.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming


  51. Directions:

  You are supposed to write for the postgraduate association a notice to recruit volunteers for an international conference on globalization, you should conclude the basic qualification of applicant and the other information you think relative.

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “postgraduate association” instead.

  Volunteers Needed (Notice)

  January 9, 20xx

  To improve students? ability and eich extracurricular activities, the Postgraduate Association is recruiting volunteers for an international meeting on globalization to be held on April 10, 20xx in Beijing. To begin with, applicants should have Chinese Nationality, strong professional spirit, cheerful personality and be aged under 35. In addition, candidates must have outstanding skills at English listening comprehension and the ability to speak Chinese and English fluently. Finally, students with relevant professional experience are preferred. Those graduate students who are interested in taking part in it may sign up with the monitor of their class before February 1, 20xx. Everybody is welcome to join in it.

  Postgraduate Association

  Date: June 15, 20xx

  To: Percy Shelley, Vice President

  From: Li Ming, President

  Subject: Computer Training of the Staff

  As we discussed earlier this week, I agree with you that our firm is faced up with problem of the high rate of computer illiteracy of the staff. We need to make up a plan for the training of our employees in the new field.

  I would like you to design our own in-house computer-training program. We had better classify the employees and put them through the program in turn.

  Write up a brief proposal, describing what you think the program should

  cover. Assume the class runs four hours a week for ten weeks. Also, assume people have no prior knowledge or any formal course work in computer science.


  1.In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.


  2. The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.


  3. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.


  4. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.


  5. No one can deny the fact that a persons education is the most important aspect of his life.


  6. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.


  7. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.


  8. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.


  9. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.


  10. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.


  11. The information Ive collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.


  12. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduation.


  13. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore.


  14. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons:


  15. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides




  A man can do no more than he can.


  A man cannot spin and reel at the same time.


  A man is known by his friends.


  A man of words and not of deeds is like a garden full of weeds.


  A man without money is no man at all.


  A merry heart goes all the way.


  A miss is as good as a mile.


  A mother's love never changes.


  An apple a day keeps the doctor away.


  A new broom sweeps clean.


  An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.


  An hour in the morning is worth two in the evening.


  An old dog cannot learn new tricks.


  An ounce of luck is better than a pound of wisdom.


  An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.


  A rolling stone gathers no moss.


  As a man sows,so he shall reap.


  A single flower does not make a spring.


  A snow year,a rich year.


  A sound mind in a sound body.


  A still tongue makes a wise head.


  A stitch in time saves nine.


  A straight foot is not afraid of a crooked shoe.


  A wise head makes a close mouth.


  A word spoken is past recalling.


  A year's plan starts with spring.


  A young idler,an old beggar.


  Bad news has wings.


  Barking dogs seldom bite.


  Beauty lies in the love's eyes.


  Be swift to hear,slow to speak.


  Better late than never.


  Better to ask the way than go astray.


  Between friends all is common.


  Birds of a feather flock together.


  Blood is thicker than water.


  Blood will have blood.


  Books and friends should be few but good.



  freda bright says, "only in opera do people die of love." its true. you really cant love somebody to death. ive known people to die from no love, but ive never known anyone to be loved to death. we just cant love one another enough.

  a heart-warming story tells of a woman who finally decided to ask her boss for a raise in salary. all day she felt nervous and apprehensive. late in the afternoon she summoned the courage to approach her employer. to her delight, the boss agreed to a raise.the woman arrived home that evening to a beautiful table set with their best dishes. candles were softly glowing. her husband had come home early and prepared a festive meal. she wondered if someone from the office had tipped him off, or... did he just somehow know that she would not get turned down?

  she found him in the kitchen and told him the good news. they embraced and kissed, then sat down to the wonderful meal. net to her plate the woman found a beautifully lettered note. it read, "congratulations, darling! i knew youd get the raise! these things will tell you how much i love you."following the supper, her husband went into the kitchen to clean up. she noticed that a second card had fallen from his pocket. picking it off the floor, she read, "dont worry about not getting the raise! you deserve it anyway! these things will tell you how much i love you."someone has said that the measure of love is when you love without measure. what this man feels for his spouse is total acceptance and love, whether she succeeds or fails. his love celebrates her victories and soothes her wounds. he stands with her, no matter what life throws in their direction.

  upon receiving the nobel peace prize, mother teresa said, "what can you do to promote world peace? go home and love your family." and love your friends. love them without measure.


  Hi John,The summer vacation is coming soon. We will have a two-month holiday.

  After a tiring school year, Im eager to relax myself. Im looking forward to spending my vacation with my grandparents, who live in the beautiful countryside. I will stay with them for about three weeks. Of course, Im going to help them do some housework, such as cleaning the yard, walking the dog and so on. Perhaps we will take short trips as well. Besides, I am going to visit some of my old friends. I think we will have a happy time together. Whats more, I will be a senior student in a new term, thats why I am going to make some preparations, so that I can be close to my dream. How will you spend your vacation?

  Yours,Lin Ping


  students compete to get into the best universities in the belief that the degrees will give them a slight advantage in the job market when they graduate. a degree is regarded as proof that someone has a good education. therefore, some people regard diploma(毕业证)as a passport to an ideal job.

  but a degree cannot be regarded as the only proof that someone has all the necessary skills. people with good human skills can manage relationships and are prepared to take responsibility. when students start university, academic degrees look certain to success. by contrast, degrees can appear much less useful, if graduates lack in human skills.clearly, people with high academic degrees and good human skills will have a passport to an ideal job. peoples performance shapes their benefits.

  remember, it takes students years to pursue academic degrees, while it takes graduates lifetime to acquire human skills.


  everyone says,” there is always a gap between imagination and reality, the former is always more ideal(理想) than the latter.” although most people know that we cannot equate imagination with reality, people still find it hard to resist the temptation of imagination, for it is so sweet and wonderful, especially for me when i was working hard for my university dream in high school.

  endless homework, heavy pressure couldn’t prevent me from drawing a fascinating(迷人的) picture of the university life in my mind. students are sitting leisurely(悠闲) on the green lawn, playing romantic songs with the guitar, or walking along the tree-lined pathway(小径), talking and laughing heartily… i imaged a large and beautiful campus, bright, clean classrooms, and cheap, tasty food. reality is, on most occasion, inferior(低等的`, 低于)imagination.

  when i was a university student, i found what i had imagined was far beyond reality. instead of sitting on the lawn singing songs, the students were seen reciting(背诵) english tets aloud; instead of walking cheerfully(欢乐地) along the small paths, they were walking hurriedly with books under their arms. i never epected to live on the sith floor, the highest story. every day i had to drag(拖着) myself to my room after class, out of breath. and the meals disappointed me too.

  when imagination and reality were naked(暴露的) before each other, i couldn’t deny(否定) a kind of comple feelings in my heart. how could i put the english books aside to read pastime books? how could i play while others were found me leaving late in the evening?

  in the face of reality, imagination is beautiful, while reality can teach us much eperience, which we cannot obtain from imagination.


  This is quite an extraordinary and meaningful picture. The old grandma, when alive, was fed poorly with a bowl of rice for every meal. In contrast, after her death, there is a memorial tablet set up for her, in front of which is a table of delicacies as tributes. Apparently, the grandma’s children merely want to show off how well they treat their mother while they were actually ingrates.

  Ridiculous as it is, the phenomenon is not rare in today’s society. For one thing, enormous economic development brings not only wealth, but also the public obsession for material possessions, individual gain and loss which undermines the once sacred bond between parents and children. For another, people seem to be fond of boasting off how they abide by traditions through holding grand funerals for their parents. As a matter of fact, some even compete about the extravagance of the event.

  I contend that those who practice as the picture reveals miss the essence and deep values of our traditions. Filial piety should not be expressed via superficial “performance”, but via children’s genuine care and love for their parents. Thinking about how parents have taken care of us when we were babies in cradles, we should realize that they all need due attention when aging.






  Should collage students get merried?

  there is a newly dissension putting forward these days: is it legally allowed for chinese on-campus students to get married before they complete their courses? some people prefer "yes" while some others prefer "no". certainly a large number of people just cannot decide which side they should be stand.

  in fact, the governments allow on-campus students to get married before they complete their course. there isn t a regulation proclaimed in writing to forbid marriage of on-campus students. but it must affect those triers.in my opinion, it is unnecessary to forbid on-campus students to get married before they finished their college, however, it shouldn t be advocated or encouraged. because, for on-campus students, their play the role as learners. their main task is to learn. if they married, their school work must be affected and they may not graduate favorably or may not be capable for future works. so, i believe: almost all on-campus students would deal with the question reasoningly .


  the ccp has been prone to laud itself as the champion of womens liberation. right from the start, however, the ccp-revolutionaries seemed to have had a dual, and even contradictory approach to questions where women were positioned in the revolutionary process, and this has influenced the way in which women were represented in propaganda posters. on the one hand, there was the demand from the party that women were to be shown in their entire liberated splendor, as conscious and active participants in the great enterprise of reconstructing (socialist) china. the liberation of the female half of the population had attracted a lot of support for the ccp. various policies the ccp had eperimented with had been codified into legislation after coming to power in 1949. but in the eyes of many women intellectuals at the time, even these measures were not radical enough.

  old-fashioned artistic ideas about the representation of women proved to be tenacious. by the early 20th century, a relatively well-established visual tradition had come into eistence that treated women as objects that could be consumed by the male gaze. numerous companies, both foreign and native, had settled in the treaty ports and the foreign settlements along the eastern seaboard. the advertising agencies the manufacturers brought with them promoted the use and appreciation of western art techniques in their advertisements. the advertising posters featured delectable young women, beautiful actresses and popular singers in colorful and tantalizing shanghai dresses (qi pao), endorsing various products, ranging from cigarettes and alcoholic beverages to fabrics and pesticides. the advertisments often were designed by chinese artists such as li mubai, jin meisheng and jin uechen, to cater to the specific chinese sense of aesthetics. most of them were calendars (yuefenpai) that were given away as free promotional gifts and hung up in homes and offices. this commercial printed matter became enormously popular, and its influence spread beyond advertising to other types of publications and design practice in general, where it became synonymous with modernity.even though these materials turned women into objects that served both commercial and titillating purposes, the genre as a whole nonetheless was seen by many as supportive of the demands for the emancipation of women. instead of treating females as non-entities as confucian orthodoy had prescribed, the posters not merely showed them, but presented them as gorgeously dressed, professional women that radiated an air of self-confidence. to many, these modeng [modern] girls were a reflection of womens search for a separate identity. the supporters of the calendar girls thus included many of the women who themselves were actively involved in the political struggle for womens liberation.

  with the founding of the prc, both the theory and practice of the chinese advertising industry had to change completely. the designers of the commercial calendars, well versed in design techniques and able to visualize a product in a commercially attractive way, were quickly co-opted and incorporated in the various government and army organizations devoted to the production of propaganda posters. but they and their works continued to be regarded with suspicion by the representatives of the new ruling elite. and even though the officials from the cultural bureaucracy that took over had to admit that these designers could make rather acceptable new new year pictures, at the same time they could not refrain from allegations that their works still were marred by numerous political shortcomings.while these cultural authorities insisted that they did nothing more than pass on the correct proletarian viewpoints of (female) representatives of the masses, they usually complained that the artists still lacked the proper ideological standpoint. they acknowleged that the designers dutifully attempted to follow the new rules and regulations pertaining to the arts by producing scenes set in industry or agriculture. in some cases, the artists were accused of tending to depict elegant modern city girls, with highly patterned blouses and scarves, pale skins and manicured hands, much in the vein of the starlets who had been shown endorsing soap or cigarettes.these times, however, called for the depiction of peasant or working women taking obvious pride in their work, but whose faces and hands had been marked by unrelenting sunshine and hard labor. in the views of the laboring masses that the art critics allegedly had consulted, such images lacked verisimilitude: nobody in the villages or factories looked like these women. moreover, no woman dressed in the latest fashions was able to take part in hard physical labor while still looking as spic and span as the poster models did.

  when looking at the practice of depicting women for propaganda purposes, it is safe to say that the pretty girl pictures continued to dominate the world of the propaganda poster, with the eception of the periods when high maoism was the norm. was this done in an attempt to make the latters message more palatable to the population? or was it simply because such representations could be read as a way of discounting women as revolutionary contenders, as epressions of the widely held belief that women were more interested in matters of clothing and physical appearance than men? whatever the reason, attractive female forms were used for political propaganda purposes in a manner very similar to commercial advertising, a practice that also has been noted by chinese writers.








  there is no denying that we should do as the romans do when in rome. this is an accumulated eperience we inherit from our forefathers, and now it is still widely applied to our daily life. the old saying tells us vividly that wherever we are, we should do everything according to local customs.

  the proverb has profound impact on our interactions with people from other cultures. as far as i am concerned, i have had the eperience myself. last year, my neighbor, iao wang and i went to the u.s. to travel. one day we were lost and it seemed we would never find our way back to our hotel. suddenly an elderly lady came near us. ecited and trying to be polite, iao wang approached her and asked, “ecuse me, how old are you?” this polite opening remark in chinese culture made the lady stare at him in surprise, because age is a taboo in western cultures. seeing the embarrassment, i asked, “beautiful weather, isn’t it?” of course the lady said “yes” and happily told us the way to our hotel.

  a lesson that can be drawn from the above eample is obvious. whether we know the local customs will play a crucial role in our relationship with others. more importantly, doing everything as the locals do will help us make more friends and avoid troubles.