时间:2024-05-25 08:21:41 考研英语 我要投稿





  1. It is hard to imagine a student focusing their energy on textbook while other children are playing.


  2. Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.


  3. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages, its disadvantages shouldnt be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.


  4. Any parents should place considerable emphasis on their children to keep the balance between play and study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.


  5. There is a growing tendency for parent these days to stay at home to look after their children instead of returning to work earlier.


  6. Parents are firmly convinced that, to send their child to kindergartens or nursery schools will have an unfavorable influence on the growth of children.


  7. However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts, who point out that it is unhealthy for children who always stay with their parents at home.


  8. Although parent would be able to devote much more time and energy to their children, it must be admitted that, parent has less experience and knowledge about how to educate and supervise children, when compared with professional teachers working in kindergartens or nursery schools.


  9. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that, although the parents desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.


  10. Parents should be encourage

  d to send their children to nursery schools, which will bring about profound impacts on children and families, and even the society as a whole.



  Dear Professor Alexander,

  On behalf of all the students at my university who share a love for the English language, I cordially invite you to give a lecture to at Beijing Foreign Studies University.

  As you are one of the leading experts in the English language in the world, I believe that the students will not only be able to learn from you, but to be inspired by you as well. We are hoping that you will be available for a lecture on our campus on January 4 at 10:00 am. There has been 45 minutes allocated for your lecture and 15 minutes for a question and answer session.

  If you are interested in coming to our university for the lecture, you can email me at the address below. We are looking forward to meeting you.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming









  on behalf of代表 share a love热爱 language语言 cordially诚挚地 invite邀请 lecture讲座 studies研究 leading杰出的 expert专家 inspire启发 be available for能够 lecture讲座 campus校园 January一月 allocate分配 question and answer问答 session单元 be interested in对······感兴趣 email发电子邮件 address地址 look forward to期待




  1、I am pleased to invite you to participate in an activity to be held from January 4 to 7 in Beijing.


  2、It is my pleasure to extend an invitation to you to take part in an evening party for purpose of celebrating my birthday.为了庆祝我的生日,我很高兴邀请你来参加一场晚会。

  3、I hope that you have not any plan for the coming Sunday, as I would like you to spend it with us at our home.我希望你下星期天没有什么安排,因为我想邀请你到我家玩。


  1.There is absolutely no reason for us to believe that a brighter future for the world is an impossibility.


  2.Meteorologists offer computer models leaving little doubt that this year's El Nino phenomenon has disappeared.


  3.Facts prove the unjustifiability of claims that China will be unable to feed itself by the year 20xx.


  4.Previous explanations of the rising divorce rate in China are simply untenable. The fact is that many marriages were simply based on convenience and wives are no longer willing to accept the abusive domineering attitudes of husbands.


  5.Claim that entering the Chinese market offers foreign companies an immediate road to profits are grossly misstated and have been proven wrong time and again. The key to entering China rests with the phraseology vast potential market, and how long one is willing to wait for returns.


  6.Parents are not wrong in enforcing good study habits, but they must not do so at the expense of stifling normal child development.


  7.It is quite reasonable to assume that modern science and technology (S&T) will continue to advance. It is no less reasonable to believe that S&T will radically improve the way we live. However, the same reasoning cannot be applied to improving social interaction.


  8.Belief in the wonders of modern medical science is quite understandable. It is also quite possible that our faith in the ability of scientists to find the key for prolonging life are well-founded. Yet, the wisdom of prolonging life remains in question when considering the already massive global population and projected future growth.


  9.It is one thing to support euthanasia, but quite another to offer any justification for genocide.


  10.Claiming the need for censorship is one thing, but rationally proving its redeeming values represents a quite d

  ifferent issue.



  1.Chances are that man will eventually land on Mars. 人类有可能最终登陆火星。

  2.The likelihood for peace in the Middle East remains questionable. 中东和平的可能性仍让人怀疑。

  3.The necessity for nuclear nonproliferation seems clear. 防止核扩散的必要性似乎清清楚楚。

  4.It is perhaps more accurate to consider the family as a blanket of security, rather than a cloak of bondage. 把家庭看作保护安全的毯子可能比把它看做束缚的斗篷更确切。

  5.While generalizations are dangerous, it is quite safe to present solid evidence. 抽象概括是危险的,但是,提供确凿的.证据是万无一失的。

  6.It seems almost certain that China will achieve this year's economic growth targets. 中国将完成今年经济增长的目标似乎是毫无疑问的。

  7.Reaching this year's growth targets is almost a certainty. 达到今年的增长目标几乎是必然的。

  8.The urgency of the situation makes it necessary to reiterate the monumental problems of population growth. 情况的紧迫性使我们有必要重申人口增长的重大问题。

  9.A recent study revealed the surprising fact that many students pass examinations by relying on nothing more than rote memorization. It is horrifying to think that students graduate without a thorough understanding of the subject matter. 最近的一项研究显示了一个令人惊讶的事实:许多学生仅仅依靠死记硬背通过考试。想到学生对主题没有透彻地理解就毕业了是令人震惊的。

  10.Needless to say, advertising sells products. Where would we be without it? Shelves would be empty, consumers would have few choices and products information would disappear. 毋庸讳言,广告推销产品。没有它,情况将会怎样?货架将空空如也,消费者的选择将减少,产品的信息将消失。


  1. from what i have mentioned above, we can see clearly that violence on tv has great influence on youngsters behavior.


  2. there are two reasons for the improvement in peoples living conditions. in the first place, we have been carrying out the reform and opening-up policy. secondly, there has been a rapid expansion of our national economy. furthermore, the birth rate has been put under control.


  3. my suggestions to deal with the problem are as follows. to begin with, it is urgent to create nature reserves. secondly, certain rare wild animals that are going to be extinct should be collected, fed and reproduced artificially. finally, those who hunter them must be punished severely.


  4. people differ in their attitudes towards failure. faced with it, some of them can stand up to it, draw useful lessons from it and try hard to fulfill what they are determined to do. others, however, lose heart and give in.


  5. it is desirable to build more hospitals, shopping centers, recreation centers, cinemas and other public facilities to meet the growing needs of people.


  6. as a popular saying goes, "everything has two sides." now the public are benefiting more and more from scientific and technological inventions. on the other hand, the progress of science and technology is bringing us a lot of trouble. people in many countries are suffering from public hazards.

  常言道:事情总是一分为二的。如今人们从科技发明中得到越来越多的好处。另一方面,科技进步也给我们带来了许多麻烦。现在许多国家 的人民饱受公害之苦。

  7. lets take cars for example. they not only pollute the air in cities, but make them crowded. furthermore, they are responsible for a lot of traffic accidents. the noise made by cars disturbs the residents living on both sides of streets all day and night.


  8. it is generally believed that the chief reason for the increase in population in developed countries is not so much the rise in birth rates as the decline in death rates as a result of the improvement in medical care.



  9. there is no doubt that the increase in demand caused the rise in prices.


  10. additional social stresses may also occur because of the population explosion or problems arising from mass migration movements-themselves made relatively easy nowadays by modern means of transport.



  Directions:Your friend Smith told you he had started his own business .Write a letter to him to congratulate him and give him some helpful suggestions.

  Dear Smith,(大家注意此处是逗号)

  I was happy to learn that you had opened your own firm and I would like to express my warmest congratulations.

  The final realization of your long-cherished dream should be attributed to your diligence, persistence and ambition. I am glad that your consistent pursuit of dream is rewarded now. As a good friend of you, I advise you to keep your ambition. Moreover, in response to challenges, please never to overestimate the difficulties and underestimate your ability.

  Please accept my congratulations again. And I do believe you and your firm will achieve one success after another.

  Sincerely yours,(逗号)

  Li Ming(无符号,千万不要打点)


  (Common as it is, it has deep implication). As is vividly shown in the cartoon, at least five patients are staying in one hospital who are injured because of jay-walking, driving after drinking and disregarding of the laws. If we take a closer watch, it is of little difficulty to find that one police is patiently explicating the traffic laws to one injured person, standing at a wheel chair which is pushed by one nurse.

  There is no doubt that it describes a common phenomenon in our society that traffic problems are more and more severe and what might trigger this affair? (For my part, the following two are of utmost importance.) For one part, the general public have failed to realize the importance of abiding by the traffic regulations and laws(and a big deal of the attention have been distracted by the so-called“great affair”). Once some drivers easily disregard the traffic signals, so do other drivers who intend to obey the laws. Moreover, the current state of affairs depicted in the drawing, may have been encouraged, though not justified, by the lack of severe legal penalty. If someone does disorderly parking or drives under the influence of alcohol, the punishment is not so harsh that the drivers could afford to learn a heavy lesson from the fine as to never do it again . (If we let this situation continue as it is, ultimately, our society will suffer a great destruction.)

  It is advisable for us to take steps to reverse this current evil trend. On one hand, we should cultivate the awareness of people that everyone needs to reflect on his or her uncivilized conducts and strengthen his self-discipline. On the other hand, it is high time that more severe and sound laws and regulations should be introduced to harness and curb this matter. Only in this way, can we crack the hard nut and embrace a bright future.



  You have just returned from a visit to a university in Great Britain. And you were warmly treated there by Professor Smith. Please write a letter to express your thanks to him for his hospitality.

  Dear Prof. Smith,

  I would like to thank you very much for your kind hospitality and the honor you showed me during my recent visit to your university.

  It was nice of you to introduce me so many of famous professors and celebrated scholars at your university. I feel obliged to you for the selfless assistance you render me. I appreciate it more than I can say.

  Finally, I wish I can have an opportunity to repay your kindness when you come to China in the near future. Again with many thanks.

  Sincerely yours,(逗号)

  Li Ming(无符号,千万不要打点)





  为了让对方一目了然,也便于回答,在内容的安排上应该简明扼要,可以用数字列出具体问题,如first, second, third or 1、2、3。



  Dear …,




  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming


  1、I would be most grateful if you could send me information regarding/concerning…


  2、I am writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding…


  3、I wonder if you could tell me the information about…


  4、I am writing for the information about…


  5、I would like to know whether you could provide me with information regarding…


  6、I wish to request materials for…


  7、Would you be so kind as to tell me…


  8、I look forward to your immediate response.


  9、Your attention to this letter would be highly appreciated.


  10、I am waiting for your quick reply.


  Directions: You are going to take part in the TOEFL and want to get some reference materials.

  Write a letter of no less than 100 words to a bookstore to ask for several kinds of materials you want. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use “Wang Hua” instead. Do not write the address.

  Dear Sir or Madam,

  I will take TOEFL this June and quality preparation materials are essential to success in the test. I wonder if you have the following reference materials in your bookstore:

  a) a vocabulary book covering the 9000 words for TOEFL;

  b) original test and simulated test papers with keys;

  c) model essays;

  d) a Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English.

  By the way, how do you deliver these mmaterials to me? How fast can they be delivered after you receive my subscription? How do I pay you?

  Yours truly,

  Wang Hua


  Dear Sir/Madam,

  I am writing to you in order to apply for the New Star Scholarship.

  As you can see from the attached grade sheet, I am one of the top students in my department. I have also represented the university at the 8th English Speaking Contest, where I was placed first. It is because I have attained such high standards that the Dean, Prof. Wang, suggested I apply for the scholarship. I believe that I do not only do well in my study, also contribute to campus life and our university in my extracurricular activities, particularly as departmental head of the Student Union.

  Thank you in advance for considering my application.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming


  We are glad that Fuzhou is now among the national civilized cities. As students~ what shall we do to keep up the good work? First of all, we should respect our teachers, parents and the old. Also, we ought to be polite and honest. Second, it's always good to be kind, friendly and helpful to others. Third, we must obey traffic rules and mustn't cross the streets when the traffic lights are red. Last but not least, it's important and necessary to help protect the environment.

  For example, we shouldn't spit here and there or throw litter about. We'd better not pick flowers or step on the grass. In short, if everyone makes contributions, our city will be better and better.



  study the following drawing carefully and write an essay in which you should

  1) describe the drawing,2) interpret its meaning,and

  3) support your view with examples.

  You should write about 200 words neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2.(20 points)


  In the picture presented to us, there is a boy running on annular tracks and reaching the finishing line. Heavily sweating as he is, a happy smile hangs on his lips. However, as an arrow marked “End” points on the finishing line, there occurs another arrow marked with “Beginning”.

  Though this picture only describes a runner who is going to start a new run after reaching the finishing line, yet it demonstrates a universal law that governs the development of mankind. In other words, if we want to make constant progress we must keep forging ahead instead of resting on laurels. Robertson once said, “Whenever he is satisfied with what he does, he has reached his culminating point—he will progress no more.”

  This reminds me of Picasso, whose works greatly influenced the path of 20th’century art. But what has impressed me most is not the notable success he has achieved but his enterprising spirit. Besides “the greatest artist of the 20th century”, he is acclaimed as “the youngest artist in the world” because he unremittingly pursued and explored new styles of painting all his life. After producing his most famous post’ impressionist style, he later developed many other styles and even at the last moment of his life he was producing a new painting.




  Restrictions on the use of plastic bags have not been so successful in some regions. "White pollution "is still going on. Write a letter to the editor(s) of your local newspaper to give your opinions briefly and make two or three suggestions.

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead. You do not need to write the address.


  Dear Editor:c

  I am writing this letter to draw your attention to the deteriorating situation of white pollution in some regions despite the implementation of restrictions on the use of plastic bags.

  In order to put an effective stop to the wide spread of white pollution, I would like to make the following suggestions . Firstly, the price of plastic bags should be further raised; Secondly , special government departments should be established to supervise the making and using of plastic bags to ensure they are used when really needed.

  I hope my suggestions would be of help and thank you for your attention.


  例句:A case in point is the generating capacity of renewables.


  2.As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

  例句:As is often the case, a smart building is the crystallization of collective wisdom and skills.


  3.As stated in the previous paragraph如前段所述

  例句:As stated in the previous paragraph this information is not completely trust worthy.


  4.But the problem is not so simple然而问题并非如此简单

  例句:But the problem is not so simple. We can't solve it this way.


  5.But it's a pity that…但遗憾的是…

  例句:But it's a pity that the water is too shallow.


  6.In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

  例句:Josef Krips at the State Opera hired her in spite of the fact that she had never sung on stage.


  7.Further, we hold opinion that…?此外,我们坚持认为…

  例句:Further, we hold the opinion that the aim to overcome the illegal Local-protective Act is to make the social efficiency max.


  8.However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…

  例句:However the difficulty lies in the fact that we are short of money.


  9.Similarly, we should pay attention to…同样,我们要注意…

  例句:Similarly, in economic work, we should pay attention to opening up the source and regulating the flow from time to time.



  例句:I meant not he but you should pay attention to pronunciation.


  11.In view of the present station.鉴于目前形势

  例句:In view of the present situation, we'll have to revise our original plan.


  12.As has been mentioned above…正如上面所提到的…

  例句:As has been mentioned above, all these devices are essential to remote control.


  13.In this respect, we may as well(say)从这个角度上我们可以说

  例句:In this respect, we may as well define it as a model.


  14.However, we have to look at the other side of the coin然而我们还得看到事物的另一方面

  例句:The house is lovely and spacious, however, we have to look at the other side of the coin, that is the long distance from shops and schools.


  1.To prevent this phenomenon/trend from worsening/running wide/To guide the matter/situation to the best advantage,it is necessary/important to……(可用于分析建议类、原因分析类等议论文)

  2.In the face of……some people take the position that……/some people come to believe that……,to which I can't attach/add my consent.(可用于批驳分析类议论文)

  或:In the face of……people retain/take/show/assume different attitudes/position s/standpoints.(可用于各抒己见类议论文)

  或:In the face of……many people have come up with……(可用于对比分析类议论文和知识性说明文等)

  3.But many people feel puzzled about/perplexed at/over whelmed with……(the changes/situation),so this essay is intended to……(可用于批驳分析类议论文和知识性说明文)

  4.Although lots of people follow the fashion/trend,I still set my heart on……(可用于理由陈述类议论文)

  5.To get a sense of how……we must turn first to causes for it/to what benefit(harm/problems/difference)it has brought to our society.(可用于分析建议和原因分析类议论文)

  6.This is a(n) favorable/unfavorable/unhealthy/essentialchange/tendency/situation,but factors/causes/reasons for it are not hard to find(或but its appearance/existence derives from a variety of factors)。(用于原因分析类议论文)

  7.The progress/improvement/change(s) in……is(are)really tremendous/remarkable/marvelous,so it is necessary to understand(see)what it(they)illustrate(s)/prove(s)/account(s)for.(用于原因分析类议论文和知识性说明文)

  8.A comparison between these changes may be a good way to learn more about……(可用于对比说明文)

  9.More insight/inspiration/truth/thought can be deduced from these changes.(可用于知识性说明文)

  10.This is what we are unwilling to see,so some way must be found out to……(可用于分析建议、对比分析、批驳分析类议论文和知识性说明文)

  11.Fortunately,however,more and more people come/begin to realize that……(可用于分析建议、对比分析和各抒己见类议论文)

  12.Unfortunately,things have worsened/come/developed to the point where……(用于分析建议、原因分析、批驳分析、各抒己见类议论文和知识性说明文)

  13.But have you ever stopped to think what/how/why……?(可用于除理由陈述之外的各种议论文和知识性说明文)

  14.If we take a further/colder/closer look at this problem/matter,however,more secrets/grounds/chances/ways will be found out for……(可用于分析建议、对比分析、原因分析等议论文和知识性说明文)

  15.But this(dis)agreement ceases to exist as soon as……(用于各抒己见、批驳分析、对比分析等议论文和对比说明文)

  16.A further/deeper analysis/study/exposure of……/A further comparison between……can reveal more about……/can show us more ways to……(how to……)可用于分析建议、原因分析、对比分析、批驳分析等议论文和对比说明文及知识性说明文)

  17.In that case,however,I prefer to……rather than……(用于理由陈述、比较分析、批驳分析类议论文和知识性说明文)

  18.The same is true of many cases in life.(用于举例说明文)

  19.Now,let's see what would happen to……in this case/light(或in different conditions/circumstances)。(用于分析建议类议论文和对比说明文)

  20.Perhaps,it is ideal/high/ripe time for us to tackle/handle/answer/take up the question in no half-hearted manner.(用于分析建议、原因分析类议论文和知识性说明文)

  21.To be frank,I have turned the question over and over in my mind,but found no reason to sidestep it;so here are my ways to……/my reasons for……(用于理由陈述类议论文和知识性说明文)

  22.I was once cursed/perplexed/seized with this question,but I have forged/made my own way out of it.(用于知识性说明文)

  23.People from different backgrounds,however,put different interpretations on the same thing.(用于各抒己见类议论文和展开式界说性说明文)

  24.But different people hold completely different views as to its nature.(用于各抒己见类议论文和界说性说明文)

  25.If/When adopted to account for/define/expose……,it can come in different meanings.(用于具体定义说明文)


  1. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.


  2. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle are decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information Ive collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.

  尽管许多人认为随着经济的高速发展,用自行车的人数会减少,自行车可能会消亡, 然而,这几年我收集的一些信息让我相信自行车仍然会继续在现代社会发挥极其重要的作用。

  3. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.


  4. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.


  5. Using bicycle contributes greatly to peoples physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.


  6. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.


  7. Bicycle cant be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.


  8. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.


  9. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study.


  10. This issue has caused wide public concern.


  11. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.


  12. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously, they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a persons education is a most important aspect of his life.


  13. As for me, Im in favor of the opinion that education is not complete with graduation, for the following reasons:


  14. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate.


  15. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person.