时间:2024-05-27 13:58:35 考研英语 我要投稿





  Dear Wang Yi,It was with great pleasure to hear that you have been admitted to your favorite/dream university. It is a huge/great achievement testifying that your great effort and impressive perseverance pay off and I want to extend my deeply heartfelt congratulations to you.

  I want to offer some suggestions conducive to your career life. Firstly, keep improving your ability of self-learning, since the company is a place where learning programs are thinking-oriented. Therefore, you need that ability to secure more knowledge for the sake of the future career advancement. Secondly, learn to manage your time and money.

  Again, congratulate you. Best wishes for a productive and enriching year.

  Yours faithfully,Li Min


  Dear students,As we know, the 100th anniversary of the founding of our university is around the corner.Therefore, I’m writing to campaign against riding electric bikes and enroll some volunteers for the celebration.

  With our alumni coming back to our university and the traffic on campus getting more jammed, instead of riding electric bikes, walking is supposed to be of the highest priority. Given the accidents caused by the electric bikes in the past,walking is safer. Besides some volunteers are needed to help us entertain our alumni and prepare for the celebration.

  I do hope that you can take up my appeal and participate actively in the event.

  Sincerely yours,Li Ming








  standard usage includes those words and expressions understood, used, and accepted by a majority of the speakers of a language in any situation regardless of the level of formality. as such, these words and expressions are well defined and listed in standard dictionaries.

  colloquialisms, on the other hand, are familiar words and idioms that are understood by almost all speakers of a language and used in informal speech or writing, but not considered appropriate for more formal situations. almost all idiomatic expressions are colloquial language. slang, however, refers to words and expressions understood by a large number of speakers but not accepted as good, formal usage by the majority.

  colloquial expressions and even slang may be found in standard dictionaries but will be so identified. both colloquial usage and slang are more common in speech than in writing.

  colloquial speech often passes into standard speech. some slang also passes into standard speech, but other slang expressions enjoy momentary popularity followed by obscurity. in some cases, the majority never accepts certain slang phrases but nevertheless retains them in their collective memories.

  every generation seems to require its own set of words to describe familiar objects and events. it has been pointed out by a number of linguists that three cultural conditions are necessary for the creation of a large body of slang expressions. first, the introduction and acceptance of new objects and situations in the society; second, a diverse population with a large number of subgroups; third, association among the subgroups and the majority population.

  finally, it is worth noting that the terms "standard" "colloquial" and "slang" exist only as abstract labels for scholars who study language. only a tiny number of the speakers of any language will be aware that they are using colloquial or slang expressions. most speakers of english will, during appropriate situations, select and use all three types of expressions.



  I was very happy to learn that …

  I was very delighted to hear the news that…

  It is with great pleasure that I hear of your success. Please accept my warmest/heartiest congratulations(最衷心的祝贺).

  Allow me to convey my congratulations on your promotion to …


  How time flies! Here you are graduating from high school and planning to attend the university in the fall. Congratulations on a job well done, and good luck to you during the next four years of university.


  Wish you good luck!

  I wish you success and fulfillment in the years ahead.

  Happy New Year to you and may each succeeding year bring you greater happiness and prosperity.


  Dear Mr. John,

  Just a note to wish you a very happy new year. May the new year bring you joy, love and peace. My memory of you is one of the most delightful experience I have ever had. I would very much like to continue our friendship.

  As another year draws to close, it gives us great pleasure to say how much we have appreciated(感激) working with you over the past twelve months. We sincerely hope that our pleasant business relationship will continue for years to come.

  Our staff here join me in wishing you a very Merry Christmas and a Happy Prosperous New Year.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming







  Directions:Your friend Smith told you he had started his own business. Write a letter to him to congratulate him and give him some helpful suggestions.

  Dear Smith,

  I was happy to learn that you had opened your own firm and I would like to express my warmest congratulations.

  The final realization of your long-cherished dream should be attributed to your diligence, persistence and ambition. I am glad that your consistent pursuit of dream is rewarded now. As a good friend of you, I advise you to keep your ambition. Moreover, in response to challenges, please never overestimate the difficulties and underestimate your ability.

  Please accept my congratulations again. And I do believe you and your firm will achieve one success after another.

  Sincerely yours,


  as a popular saying goes, time is money. in fact, time is more precious than money. when money is spent, you can earn it back if you want to. however, when time is gone, it will never come back. as the pace of modern life continues to accelerate ,the time at our disposal is quite limited. but there are a lot of things to be done in our lives. we should make full use of our time to fulfil what is useful to us. for instance, as students we should devote most of our time to our academic studies. in this way we can acquire new knowledge and skill necessary for our future carrier. in my opinion, wasting time means wasting our valuable life. but many of us dont realize this .they think time is inehaustable. im not in favor of such of a view .hence ,my conclusion is that we should never put off what can be today until tomorrow.


  As can be seen from the drawings, the father has planted a small tree thatgrows into a big one and is left to his son to enjoy. Years later, his son sits under the big tree enjoying its shade.

  In social development, we should not over utilize our natural resources, as in the case of forests. A reasonable use of forests and reforestation are the best choices in the long run. Human beings should plan ahead when it comes to social development. Even though trees are in short demand today, we must still keep

  Word资料. ..

  the deforestation under control, for we do not want to eliminate all of our forests, which are essential to our existence. Reforestation is another wise practice. We may not fully benefit from planting trees for the time being, but we must continue doing so, since it will benefit later generations.

  From the point of view of sustainable development, we have the responsibility to ensure that future generations have enough natural resources to use and arenot penalized for the shortsightedness of present day decision makers. In otherwords, we should not use up our natural resources just to meet our own present day needs, while ignoring the future of our planet.






  The pursuit of happiness

  This movie is one of my most loved the movie, is about a man, carrying out: the youngest, at the same time, life has been far wander. At the end of a mark above life, he is really a poorwithout any way. The more one disaster after another, his wife away from him. Since then, hisprodigious memory with his son and his, to a complete subversion of the life, finally, his life because of his diligence to completely change the fate.

  It is one of my most loved movies.


  private caroutline: 1)advantages of owning a private car. 2)disadvantages of owning a private car. 3)should it be necessary to enlarge the private car market? why or why not? nowadays, any chinese can enjoy the luxury of owning a private car - if he or she can afford it. having a car of your own means no more traveling to work on crowded buses or subway trains, and you can drop off the children at school on the way. moreover, it also means that you can enjoy the weekends and holidays better, because with a car you can go to places where the regular buses and trains do not go, and so you can find a quiet scenic spot with no crowds. however, there are drawbacks to owning a car. for one thing, with the increase in car ownership in recent years, the roads are becoming more and more crowded, often making the journey to work more of a nightmare than a dream. for another, it is not cheap to run a car, as the prices of gasoline and repairs are constantly rising, not to mention the prices you have to pay for a licence and insurance coverage. having considered both sides of the argument, i have come to the conclusion that the advantages of owning a car outweigh the disadvantages. therefore, it seems to me that china should increase its output of automobiles and enlarge the private car market. the result would be that cars would become cheaper, while at the same time the extra demand would encourage the auto industry to produce more efficient and family-oriented vehicles.


  Many people appreciate the conveniences of the city. The city offers a wide choice of jobs for adults and schools for children. It also provides plenty of facilities for culture, entertainment and recreationrestaurants, department, stores, cinemas, and so on. Besides, transportation is usually well developed in the city, with a variety of modes of travel, including buses, trains and subways.

  In the country, on the other hand, one can enjoy the advantages of fresh air and food, and a more relaxed life style. Housing is usually spacious and inexpensive in the country. And, as for recreation, what could be more relaxing than a stroll down a country lane amid beautiful scenery? However there are advantages to living in either the city or the country. City air tends to be polluted, and the streets are always crowded and noisy. In the country, on the other hand, the lack of stimulating activities can make a person feel bored and isolated.

  All in all, I would say that living in the city is best, for the convenience the city offers in terms of education and work; after all, one can always spend vacations in the countryand get the best of both.?





  according to the figures given by the graph, the chinese farmers’ personal income rose steadily from 1970 to 1990. in the middle of 1970’s their income was rather low. their annual personal income was about 180 yuan. but in 1980 the average personal income increased approximately 50%, reaching 270 yuan. as is shown by the graph, in 1985 their income doubled, amounting to 540 yuan. after that there was a consistent tendency for income to grow. in a word, during the period of 20 years the farmers’ income had gone up rapidly.

  there were two reasons for the increase in the farmers’ income in china. firstly, the chinese government had been carrying out a reform and opening policy. a large number of county-run enterprises had been set up in the rural areas. secondly, a significant reform of agricultural policy had been carried out in china. the party’s policy had brought farmers’ initiative into full play. as a result, the agricultural output had been on the rise all the time. all these factors resulted in the steady growth of farmers’ income.

  i believe that with a series of agricultural policies being carried out, there will be even more rapid development in china’s agriculture. there is no doubt that the farmers’ living standard will be improved to a great extent. (220 words)



  The 21st century has begun. What changes doyou think this new century will bring? Useexamples and details in your answer.

  Model Essay(范文):

  Now that we are in a new millennium, we can assume there will be changes in the world. Ipredict that the changes will be in the areas of information dissemination, global alliances, andfamily structure.

  In the past decades, the computer was responsible for changing the way information wasorganized. Now, the computer plus the Internet is changing the way information is spread.Information will now be universally available to anyone with a computer. You will not have to goto libraries to do research; you will not have to travel to visit scholars; you will not have to goto a bookstore to buy a book. You can do all of this from your home on the computer.

  In the past decades, the nations of the world aligned themselves with the United States, theformer Soviet Union, or with one another in a loose alliance. In the future these alliances will bemore fluid. Some countries will align politically with one country, but economically with another.Some countries will share technology and other information, but will not trade together. Somecountries, which have long been enemies, will align militarily for regional security.

  The family structure will not be based on a mother/father/child pattern. Single parent familieswill be more common and often the child will not be a biological child of the single parent, but willbe adopted. Other family structures like domestic partnerships will become more accepted.

  Whatever the changes may be, whether in the way we receive information, the way nationsalign with one another, or the way family units are defined, you can be sure that there will bemore change. Change is a constant.



  Write an essay of 160~200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

  1) describe the drawing briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and then

  3) give your comments.

  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)




  The picture presents a touching sight to us. Two handicapped men are walking quite quickly by binding their disabled legs together and holding fast to each other’s shoulders, with their crutches left behind. What respectable persons they are! They have surpassed their own physical deficiency and explored a smoother and easier way of advancing by drawing strength and support from each other. Obviously, what is highlighted in the picture is cooperation.

  In modern times, cooperation has become an efficient and effective way to solve many problems. To begin with, through cooperation, we can heighten our strength so as to accomplish the things that are impossible to be done only by one person. We all have our own limitations and with the fast development of science and technology, we are facing a world that is more and more sophisticated. Therefore, we often need to combine others’ abilities and resources to gain success. What’s more, cooperation is not the simple addition but fusion of all partners’ strength. Making use of different members’ strong points, offsetting the weaknesses, supporting mutually and sharing resources with each other, we can then attain to a capacity that is much stronger than the sum of all partners.


  This pie chart clearly illustrates the purposes of students’ touring in a certain university. As is reflected by the diagram, 37 percent of college students travel in a bid to appreciating the scenery, next comes the aim of relieving pressure, accounting for 33% percent. By contrast, the percentage of students travelling aiming at others, making friends and cultivating independence account for 15%, 9% and 6% respectively.

  Several primary factors could contribute to this phenomenon. In the first place, travel can offer us a wide range of experiences. In travelling, we may join tourists marveling at the incredible power of Niagara Falls, mingle with the happy throngs strolling in the Paris boulevards and experience the bitterness and joy of people on different lands and in different times. In the second place, college students, who have to juggle academic work, romantic relationships and a busy social calendar, are particularly susceptible to pressure. By touring, they can successfully manage and reduce stress.

  Taking all these factors into consideration, we may predict that with the quickening pace of campus life and ever-increasing pressure, the number of university students touring will keep growing in the forthcoming decade.


  doctors are guilty of wrongly believing that obese people are simply lazy, research suggests.

  researchers at yale university said the findings highlight the difficulty in tackling the stigma around obesity.

  many obese people complain that others believe they are overweight simply because they eat too much or fail to eercise.

  this is despite the fact that obesity can be caused by a variety of other factors, such as genes and environment.

  dr marlene schwartz and colleagues carried out psychological tests on 389 professionals who treat and study obese people.

  they found that younger professionals, in particular, were most likely to have unfavourable stereotypes of obese people.

  workers who did not deal directly with obese patients were also inclined to see them in an unfavourable light.

  "on both implicit and eplicit measures, health professionals associated the stereotypes lazy, stupid and worthless with obese people," said dr schwartz.

  "the stigma of obesity is so strong that even those most knowledgeable about the condition infer that obese people have blameworthy behavioural characteristics that contribute to their problem, i.e. being lazy," she said.

  "furthermore, these biases etend to core characteristics of intelligence and personal worth."

  dr ian campbell of the uks national obesity forum said he was not surprised by the findings and said they would probably be replicated if the test was carried out on british doctors.

  "it is disappointing but it is not surprising to see that health professionals have the same ingrained prejudice against obese people as the general public," he said.

  "it is becoming increasingly clear that as much as 80% of people who are obese are predisposed genetically.

  "although it is very rare to find a case where obesity is purely genetic, there are many cases where it is not in the patients control."

  he said it was unhelpful for doctors to be biased against obese patients.

  "it is important for doctors and other health professionals to show understanding and enthusiasm for change.

  "if a doctor is biased against the patients efforts, then it is unlikely to have a good outcome."




  No accomplishment can be achieved in a short time, and success needs efforts.

  When equipped with willingness, spurring people to overcome any difficulty and conquer any challenge.


  enable honest person to succeed in work and life.

  to work honestly to attain one’s life goal.3.to enhance reputation of a country.


  Contributing money and other necessities to people in need is a goal way to express human love. It reflects the sense of social responsibility.

  It also expresses a feeling from deep with one’s heart.


  创新、勇气、奋斗、勤俭、高瞻远瞩、奉献、浪费、社会公德、幸福观、勇敢、得与失、正直诚实、持之以恒、拼搏的奥运精神 、读书。

  To be fair and upright; honest person;

  econocal and simple life; to learn to be frugal;

  success derives from persistence; Olympic motto, read more books


  show love; provide assistance to others; teamwork and cooperation; selflessly offering help

  contributing money and other necessities to people who are in great need Eager to donate money to charity


  a balanced economic development is not necessarily accompanied by the sacrifice of history.

  participating in the annual celebration of the Chinese spring festival

  acquire better understanding of each other

  pass down culture habit and treasure; absorb and assimilate traditional culture;

  reserve and spread brilliant diverse culture


  cultural exchanges can enhance international friendship.

  people can acquire better understanding of each other.

  can also greatly benefit the countries and stimulate their own social development and culture prosperity.


  in my opinions, there needs to be a comprehensive renovation in the educational system in which new educational concepts are introduced.

  only by new teaching methods can we cultivate children into talents and elites who will meet the requirements of our society.


  to develop good health

  to keep regular exercise

  to make more contributions to the society


  the sanitation problem of family workshops

  the promise of one’s own responsibility is like a method of cheating, and is quit against professional morals

  low-quality products

  the ignorance of sanitation

  short of occupational disciplines6.the false commercial advertising and promotion


  Young people are used to relying financially on their families


  Traffic accidents have long been a problem and are becoming a severe problem


  many drivers are forced to drive days and nights

  2.a lot of people drive after drinking alcohol


  to display talent and capability;

  to be of real service to fellowmen and the country;

  to feel guilty in front of parents and family supporters;

  to encounter discrimination on the basis of sex or height or even birthplace;

  to despise jobs of lower social status and less income;

  to avoid the possibility of working in the rural areas


  the exhaustion of resources;

  pollution from industrial production transform many clean rivers into undrinkable water.

  the convenience brought by cars, their harul impact on the atmosphere.

  garbage output, such as plastics and glass.

  deforestation Global warming, current greenhouse effect remains out of control

  human exploitation of natural resources


  To concentrate limited resources on creative talents, or elite;

  Enable students to possess better job skill;

  prepare students for future employment;

  to enhance the quality of population;

  to promote scientific and technological level;

  to prepare one for a better and more meaningful life rather than a job;

  one-child policy

  migrant workers;

  overwhelming homework;

  quality education


  population aging; outdated and abandoned; to improve the living condition of the aging population; to respect and appreciate the aged; to provide safety and happiness

  the number of males outweighs that of females;the population growth is almost out of control, the humans to live is increasingly circumscribed.