Passage 3 history
If we were asked exactly what we were doing a year ago，we should probably have to say that we could not remember But if we had kept a book and had written in it an account of what we did each day，we should be able to give an answer to the question.
It is the same in history Many things have been forgotten because we do not have any written account of them Sometimes men did keep a record of the most important happenings in their country，but often it was destroyed by fire or in a war.Sometimes there was never any written record at all because the people of that time and place did not know how to Write.For example，we know a good deal about the people who lived in China 4，000 years ago, because they could write and leave written records for those who lived after them.But we know almost nothing about the people who lived even 200 years ago in central Africa. because they had not learned to write. Sometimes.of course，even if the people cannot write，they may know something of the past.They have heard about it from older people，and often songs and dances and stories have been made about the most important happenings，and these have been sung and acted and told for many generations For most people are proud to tell what their fathers did in the past.This we may call remembered history’.Some of it has now been written down. It is not so exact or so valuable to us as written history is，because words are much more easily changed when used again and again in speech than when copied in writing.But where there are no written records，such spoken stories are often very helpful.
41. Which of the following ideas is not suggested in the passage?
A.“Remembered history”，compared with written history，is less reliable
B.Written records of the past play the most important role in our learning of the human history.
C.A written account of our daily activities helps US to be able to answer many questions.
D.Where there are no written records.there is no history.
42.We know very little about the central Africa 200 years ago because
A.there was nothing worth being written down at that time
B .the people there ignored the importance of keeping a record
C.the written records were perhaps destroyed by a fire
D.the people there did not know how to write
43.“Remembered history”refers to
A.history based on a persons imagination
B .stories of important happenings passed down from mouth to mouth
C .songs and dances about the most important events
D .both B and C
44.“Remembered history”is regarded as valuable only when
A. it is written down
B .no written account is available
C.it proves to be time
D.people are interested in it
45 .The passage suggests that we could have learned much more about our past than we do now if the ancient people had
A.kept a written record of every past event
B. not burnt their written records in wars
C.told exact stories of the most important happenings
D.made more songs and dances
Passage 4 Vienna
When Mrs.Joseph Groeger died recently in Vienna，Austria，people asked the obvious，“Why did she live to be 107?”Answers were provided by a survey conducted among 148 Viennese men and women who had reached the age of 100.Somewhat surprising was the fact that the majority had lived most of their lives in cities.In spite of the city’s image as an unhealthy place，city living often provides benefits that country living can lack.One factor seems to be important to the longevity(长寿)of those interviewed. This factor is exercise.in the cities it is often faster to walk short distances than to wait for a bus.Even taking public transportation often requires some walking.Smaller apartment houses have no elevators(电梯)，and so people must climb stairs.City people can usually walk to local supermarkets Since parking spaces are hard to find，there is often no alternative to walking.
On the other hand，those who live in the country and suburbs do not have to walk every day.In fact，the opposite is often true.To go to school，work，or almost anywhere else，they must ride in cars.
31.The Vienna survey may help to explain ___C__
A.the complaints of people in apartment houses
B.the cause of Mrs Groegers death
C.the longevity of people like Mrs.Groeger
D. the image of cities in general
32.The purpose of the second paragraph is to list some __B___
A.benefits of walking
B.occasions for walking in city life
C. comments made by city people
D.problems of city living
33.To reach the third floor of a building.it would probably be most healthful _B_
A. to take the elevator
B.to walk up the stairs
C.to ride in a car
D.to find an alternative to walking
34.People who live in the country probably do more driving than walking because _A_
A.they dont live near business areas
B. they dont need the exercise
C.they never have parking problems
D.they can’t afford to take the bus
35.A conclusion that can be drawn from this passage is that _D___
A.air pollution is not serious
B.anyone can live to be 107
C.country people should move to the city
D.walking is a healthful exercise