高考英语阅读理解专项训练附答案

时间:2018-02-15 10:35:48 英语阅读 我要投稿

2017高考英语阅读理解专项训练附答案

  山东省、江苏省被教育部确定为第二批考生招生制度试点省份之一,2017年进入高考改革试点。为了帮助大家备考高考,小编整理了一些高考英语阅读理解,希望能对大家有所帮助!

2017高考英语阅读理解专项训练附答案

  阅读理解【1】

  “Cleverness is a gift while kindness is a choice. Gifts are easy – they’re given after all. Choices can be hard.” –– Jeff Bezos.

  I got the idea to start Amazon 16 years ago. I came across the fact that the Internet usage was growing at 2,300 percent per year. I’d never seen or heard of anything that grew that fast, and the idea of building an online bookstore with millions of titles was very exciting to me. I had just turned 30 years old, and I’d been married for a year. I told my wife MacKenzie that I wanted to quit my job and go to do this crazy thing that probably wouldn’t work since most start-ups don’t, and I wasn’t sure what to expect. MacKenzie told me I should go for it. As a young boy, I’d been a garage inventor. I’d always wanted to be an inventor, and she wanted me to follow my passion.

  I was working at a financial firm in New York City with a bunch of very smart people, and I had a brilliant boss that I much admired. I went to my boss and told him I wanted to start a company selling books on the Internet. He took me on a long walk in Central Park, listened carefully to me, and finally said, “That sounds like a really good idea, but it would be an even better idea for someone who didn’t already have a good job.” That logic made some sense to me, and he convinced me to think about it for 48 hours before making a final decision. Seen in that light, it really was a difficult choice, but ultimately, I decided I had to give it a shot. I didn’t think I’d regret trying and failing. And I suspected I would always be haunted by a decision to not try at all.

  After much consideration, I took the less safe path to follow my passion, and I’m proud of that choice. For all of us, in the end, we are our choices.

  21.What inspired the author with the idea of building an online bookstore?

  A. The greatly increasing usage of the Internet.

  B. The support of his wife.

  C. His dream of being an inventor.

  D. Millions of exciting titles.

  22.We can know from the passage that _______.

  A. the boss thought the idea was suitable for the author

  B. the author might not regret if he failed the idea

  C. the author wanted someone else to try the idea

  D. the author might go back to his boss if he failed

  23.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage?

  A. Cleverness and Kindness

  B. The Starting of Amazon

  C. We Are What We Choose

  D. Following My Passion

  参考答案:ABC

  阅读理解【2】

  At Dulles High school in Sugar Land, Texas, the roster(候选名单)for Advanced Chinese begins with Jason Chao and ends with Kathy Zhang. In between comes an unexpected name: Elizabeth Hoffman. Hoffman, now a 12th grader, began learning Chinese in the eighth grade, has spent a summer studying in Nanjing and plans to perfect her Mandarin next fall. When asked by her peers---why she is learning Chinese, she responds with a question: “why aren’t you?”

  As China rushes toward superpower status, America’s schools and government officials are responding to Hoffman’s opinion. Earlier this year Eush Holt of New Jersey introduced legislation(立法)calling for increased money of programs for less commonly taught languages, “For reasons of economics, culture and security, we should have much better facilities(设备)with Chinese languages and dialects,” he said. The State Department has pointed out Chinese is becoming a “critical language”, but the most recent data show that only 24,000 students in Grade 7 to Grade 12 study Chinese.

  Still, the number is growing. In Chicago public schools, enrollment in Chinese classes has skyrocketed from 5000 students in 2005 to nearly 35,000 students this year. In the Santa Clara County, California, enrollment has quadrupled during the same period. In 2007, when the College Board first introduces advanced-placement language exams in Chinese and Italian, 2,400 high school plan to offer AP Chinese---10 times the number of students that plan to offer AP Italian.

  Much of the interest can be explained by China’s increasing competitiveness. “People are always trying to judge what languages are going to be useful for the future,” says Marty Abbot, the director of education at the National Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, Stephanie Wong, a student At Monta Vista High School in Cupertino, California, chose Chinese so that she could speak with her grandfather. Wong also predicted that Chinese will be important if she becomes a doctor. 80 percent of people in her hometown are Asians.

  12. What does the first paragraph mainly discuss?

  A. Dulles High School offers a Chinese course

  B. Elizabeth Hoffman takes the lead in learning Chinese

  C. Elizabeth Hoffman suggests her school offer a Chinese course

  D. Jason and Kathy are the top students at Dulles School

  13. According to the text, Chinese is becoming a “critical language” because ______.

  A. American government has pointed it out

  B. Rush Holt introduced legislation calling for opening Chinese

  C. many students in the world choose to learn Chinese

  D. China rushes toward superpower status

  14._______ arouses America’s schools interest in Chinese.

  A. The fact that Chinese is becoming a “critical language”

  B. The beautiful Chinese traditional culture

  C. China’s increasing competitiveness in the world

  D. The population of people speaking Chinese

  15. We can infer from the passage that ________.

  A. if a language is useful for the future it may become a critical language

  B. in America, more people speak Italian than Chinese

  C. the number of enrollment in Chinese classes will be increasing forever

  D. more money will be spent on facilities with Chinese languages

  参考答案:BDCA

  阅读理解【3】

  There is a lake near a forest in Sweden. The water in the lake is very clear and everything is quiet and still. On the far side of the water is some farmland and further away, across the field, is an old church built on a hill. It has just stopped raining. The brook flowing into the lake is full and there is still some half melted snow from last winter on the ground.

  The reason the water is so clear, and everything is so quiet and still, is that most of the plant and animal life in and around the lake is dead. There are no birds because all the fish and insects, which the birds need for food, have disappeared. Many trees in the forest are losing their leaves and bark, and are sick and dying. Others were blown down by the high winds of last winter. A farmer is working in a field planting something, but unless he plants a stronger kind of seed this year, the crop will be between 25 to 40 per cent lower than a few years ago. The stones of the old church tower are turning to powder and unless the tower is repaired soon, it will fall down.

  All the death and destruction in this place is caused by the smoke coming out of factories and poisonous gases from cars and trucks. And yet this silent lake is hundreds of kilometers away from the nearest factory and highway.

  1. Why are there no animals or birds in or around the lake?

  A. The weather is terribly cold.

  B. The lake is quiet.

  C. The area is polluted.

  D. They have all been killed.

  2. The farmer has to plant a stronger kind of seed because ____________.

  A. the soil becomes less and less.

  B. few plants can grow because of the pollution.

  C. the water in the lake can’t be used to irrigate the field.

  D. the wind is strong.

  3. What do you think is the best title of the passage?

  A. A Beautiful Place of Interest.

  B. A Polluted Place.

  C. A Quiet Place in Sweden.

  D. A Faraway Mountain Area.

  参考答案:CBB

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