Directions : In this section, you will read several passages. Each passage is followed by several questions based on its content. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A) , (B) ,(C) or (D) , to each question. Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated or implied in that passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Taking pictures is fun. And taking good ones is easy if you follow a few simple rules. Before you snap a picture, think about it. Be sure you are close enough to your subject. A pretty face against a plain background, for instance, makes a good picture. But a distant figure lost among trees and clouds lacks interest. In a landscape scene, try to keep at least two-thirds of the picture below the line where the ground meets the sky. For a sky scene, keep at least two -thirds of the picture above that line.
Study pictures in newspapers and books. Try to see why some are better than others. Use what you learn to improve your own pictures.
1. This article gives some ________.
(A) reasons for taking pictures
(B) differences between still and moving pictures
(C) ideas for interesting hobbies
(D) hints for taking good pictures
2. The writer talks mostly about pictures taken _______.
(B) by moonlight
(C) in colour
(D) for newspapers
3. You can improve your pictures by _______.
(A) thinking about them before you take them
(B) studying pictures in newspapers and books
(C) snapping them as quickly as you can
(D) Both (A) and (B)
4. In a landscape scene two-thirds of the picture should be _______.
5. The writer doesn’t say anything about ____________.
(A) following rules
(B) getting close to your subject
(C) caring for your camera
(D) taking pictures of sky scenes
Harry Marsh was a driving examiner who had to test people who wanted to get a driving-license. One day he came out of his office as usual and saw a car at the side of the road, with a young man in it. He got into the car beside the driver and told him to check the lights, then the brakes and then all the other usual things. The driver performed everything faultlessly, without saying a word.
Then Harry told the driver to start his engine and drive forward. Then he told him to turn right into a side road, stop, go backwards into another side road and then drive to the office again.
On the way, the driver said to Harry politely,“Could you please tell me why we are doing all these things? I was passing through this town and only stopped to look at my map.”
6. Harry‘s duty was _______.
(A) to test people who wanted to get a license for driving.
(B) to examine if the cars were all right.
(C) to examine the roads.
(D) to repair cars.
7. Why did Harry get into the young man‘s car?
(A) He wondered if the young man‘s car needed repairing.
(B) He though the young man wanted to have a driving test.
(C) He thought the young man needed his help.
(D) He wanted to know if it was the young man‘s car.
8. In his position as _____, Harry asked the young man to do everything a driving test requires.
(A) a driver
(B) an engineer
(C) a teacher
(D) driving examiner
9. Harry asked the young man to drive him back to his office because _____.
(A) he was tired
(B) he didn‘t want to walk
(C) he finished the driving test
(D) he wanted to have a rest
10.Which of the following is not true?
(A) Harry gave the young man a driving test by mistake.
(B) The young man didn‘t come to have a driving test.
(C) The young man stopped his car to look at his map.
(D) The young man knew exactly why he was asked to do all these things.
A million visitors go to Barcelona every year. They want to see Antonio Gaudi‘s church. This unusual church has a strange history . Gaudi was born in Spain in 1852. He was very poor but he wanted to be an architect. He had to work and study at the same time. He often missed classes because he had to workbut one day he designed a very unusual show-case for an exhibition in Paris. People began to give him work. He designed houses，offices and gardens . They were all very unusual. He was soon rich and famous. Then a rich bookseller said，“Will you build a church for the poor people of Barcelona? I will pay. I will build schools and workshops，too.They will help the people.”“I will do it，”said Gaudi. He worked for forty years，but he could not finish the church. It was too big. He needed ￡ 10，000，000. He gave all his money to the church. He was poor again when he died in 1926，and only the front of the church was finished. But architects, engineers and visitors from all over the world come to see it. It is very strange，very modern and revolutionary.
11. Gaudi was soon rich and famous because _______.
(A) he was an architect and lived in Spain
(B) he had no money when he was a young man
(C) his designs were different from others‘
(D) his work was to design houses，offices and gardens
12. To build the church，Gaudi needed __________.
(A) ten thousand pounds
(B) a hundred thousand pounds
(C) one million pounds
(D) ten million pounds
13. Gaudi never finished the church because ______.
(A) it was too big and cost too much
(B) the bookseller died later
(C) he had no time to design the rest of it
(D) he had to design many schools and workshops
14. How old was Gaudi when he died?
15. The best title for this article is ________.
(A) Gaudia Rich and Famous Architect
(B) An Architect with Some Success
(C) Antonio Gaudi and His Church
(D) How to Design a Big Church
At the beginning of 1613, about two hundred Polish soldiers arrived at a little Russian village. They lost their way in the thick forest and asked for a man to show them the way to town. But no one wanted to help them.
"You will have to go through that forest," said an old man. "The road is on the other side." "Show us the way," cried the enemy officer," or we‘ll kill every one in the village!"
"I‘m old," said the old man. "I may be not able to walk so far."
But to himself he said, "I‘ll have to show them the way, but if I lead them into the thickest part of the forest, they will die there and I‘ll help to save my country."
The old man went in front, and two hundred soldiers followed him. For many hours they moved on through the forest.
"Where is the road?" they cried. "We must be near the road by now."
"I‘m old," answered the old man. "Perhaps I have lost my way."
"He wants money and give him some gold," said the soldiers. "But if he doesn‘t show us the way we will kill him."
"We‘ll soon be on the road now," said the old man when he got the money. "And you will be able to go to the town."
But the trees closed round them and it became darker and darker though it was still the middle of the day. It was even harder to walk on in the heavy snow.
"This cannot be the road," the men said to one another, but they could do nothing but follow those in front.
"So," said the old man when they stopped, "you can neither go farther not turn back. You will be here and you will die here. I will never turn against my country for your gold."