初级口译模拟试题及答案

时间:2018-03-26 19:22:44 翻译资格 我要投稿

2017年初级口译模拟试题及答案

  第一题:

  A new era is upon us. Call it what you will: the service economy, the information age, the knowledge society. It all translates to ① a fundamental change in the way we work. The percentage of people who earn their living by making things has fallen dramatically. Today the majority of jobs are in the service industry, and the number is on the rise.

  More women are in the work force than ever before. There are more part- time jobs. More people are self-employed. Above all, the economic transformation is giving rise to② a radical~ new way of thinking about the nature of work itself. Long-held notions about jobs and careers, the skills needed to succeed, even the relation between individuals and employers——all these are being challenged.

  难点提示:

  ①转变为,转化为

  ②引起,导致

  ③根本的,彻底的

  参考译文:

  一个新时代降临在我们身上。随你怎么称呼它:叫它服务型经济、信息时代,或者知识社会都行。它都反映在我们工作方式的根本改变上。靠生产物品谋生的人的比例大幅度下降。今天,大多数的人们都从事服务性行业的工作,而且人数呈上升趋势。

  劳动力中妇女的人数比以往任何时候都多。有更多兼职的工作。更多的人成为个体劳动者。最重要的是,经济的.转变带来了对于工作本身的一种全新认识。工作和事业,成功所必需具备的技能,甚至就连个人与雇主的关系——长期以来对所有这些问题所持的看法都受到了挑战。

  第二题:

  上海社会科学院①的一项最新分析表明,外资的加入对上海的发展和上海市民的生活产生了巨大影响。这项分析预测,从2002年起,世界主要经济强国在上海的直接投资将急剧上升。过去几年来突飞猛进的发展形势使很多人相信上海是国际投资可靠的港口。

  中国人民银行上海分行的统据数据表明,到2001年年底,上海的海外金融机构达到65家,其中54家是外国银行。上海的外国银行的总资产②、储蓄存款和贷款平衡差额③占中国所有外国银行总和的一半以上。到目前为止,世界排名前50位的银行中有八家已经在上海建立了分行。

  难点提示:

  ① the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences

  ② total asset

  ③loan balance

  参考译文

  The latest analysis of the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences shows that the introduction of foreign capital has produced a tremendous influence on Shanghai’s development and the livelihood of its citizens. It predicts that Shanghai will witness an upsurge in direct investment from the world’s major economic powers from 2002. The rapid development over the past few years has made many believe that Shanghai is a sound port for international capital.

  Statistics of the People’s Bank of China Shanghai Branch showed that, by the end of 2001, the number of overseas financial institutions in Shanghai had reached 65, of which 54 were foreign banks. The total assets, savings deposits and loan balance of foreign banks in Shanghai account for more than half of the total of foreign banks in China. So far, 8 of the world’s top 50 banks have set up branches in Shanghai

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