高考英语阅读练习题及参考答案

时间:2020-10-25 20:59:04 英语阅读 我要投稿

2017高考英语阅读练习题及参考答案

  英语是练出来的,不是钻研理论钻研出来的。所以应该多花时间去阅读,去练习。为了帮助大家,小编分享了一些阅读理解题,希望能对大家有所帮助!

2017高考英语阅读练习题及参考答案

  阅读理解【1】

  In the United States, Julia Roberts, Will Ferrell, Elton John and over 65 stars are coming together to have fun, raise money and change lives on The Red Nose Day Special.

  The Special will feature Julia Roberts’ recent trip to Phoenix to visit projects that take care of children who are facing serious health issues without the means to afford basic medical treatment. Jack Black, who went to Uganda last year to shed light on the issue of children living in poor conditions, returned to give a heartwarming report about Felix, a young boy he met there who had been living on the streets for three years. He will reveal what life is like for Felix today after being helped by a program that aims to change the lives of homeless kids.

  Music will also take centre stage, with both Elton John and Blake Shelton performing very special songs. The Red Nose Day Special also shows a great night of comedy, including Tracy Morgan putting his own unique spin on the classic Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs while reading to kids, and many other comedy acts.

  Red Nose Day launched in the U.S. in 2015 as a special day to come together, have fun and make a difference to kids who are most in need. In its first year in America, more than US $23 million was raised for the Red Nose Day Fund, with the money now at work in all 50 states across America and 15 countries internationally through programs to keep children and young people safe, healthy and educated.

  The money raised by Red Nose Day USA 2016 will help support projects in some of the neediest communities in the U.S. and some of the poorest communities in the world. People from all walks of life are encouraged to get involved, have fun and raise money by buying red noses sold only at Walgreens stores nationwide, organizing fundraising events and watching and donating during the television special.

  21. In the show, who went to Uganda and met Felix there?

  A. Julia Roberts. B. Will Ferrell.

  C. Elton John D. Jack Black.

  22. What is the fourth paragraph mainly about?

  A. The main activities on Red Nose Day.

  B. Information about Red Nose Day.

  C. The money raised by the Red Nose Day Fund every year.

  D. Information about The Red Nose Day Special.

  23. How can ordinary people raise money for Red Nose Day?

  A. By visiting the poorest communities.

  B. By having fun during the television special.

  C. By making red noses for sale at Walgreens stores.

  D. By organizing fundraising events.

  答案 21-23 DBD

  阅读理解【2】

  Soot-also known as black carbon- heats up the atmosphere because it absorb sunlight. But for years the institutions that focus on climate policy have played down the role of pollutants such as black carbon that stay in the atmosphere for a short time and concentrated on carbon dioxide, which once created. tends to remain there. That may soon a change.

  A new study concluded that the soot was the second-most-damaging greenhouse agent after co₂ and about twice as bad for the climate as had been thought until now. The consequences are intense. It found that the black carbon around at the moment has a warming effect of about 1.1 w/㎡. This is greater than that of methane(甲烷) and second only to the 1.7w/㎡ of carbon dioxide.

  Black carbon is especially damaging to frozen regions, because when soot falls on snow and ice it increases the amount of light and heat they absorb. The new assessment may therefore help explain why the Arctic has been melting faster than anyone had expected. The study argues that warming is likely to be especially marked in the high positions of the northern part of the globe-northern Canada. Alaska, northern Europe and Siberia. It also gives a warning that black carbon, by changing regional precipitation(区域性降水) patterns, may affect Asian monsoons(季风).

  The biggest impact of soot, though. is not on the climate but on health-through lung and other diseases. A study estimated that controlling releases of black carbon could save 2.4 million lives a year, regardless of any effects on the climate.

  It might seem that the new study is one more item of bad environmental news. Not so. It should be easier to deal with black carbon than with CO₂. Whereas CO₂ is long-lasting and an unavoidable by-product of burning fossil fuels. soot drops out of the atmosphere within weeks. Stop putting it there and it will rapidly go away-a potentially easy win. Dealing with them is also cheaper than cutting CO₂ releases and does not need global agreement, because the local benefits would be the main point, so no one could free-ride on the emission-cutting efforts of others. Instead, the good of the climate would be free-riding on local self-interest.

  (B) 32. Why have the institutions paid less attention to soot?

  A. It is too small in amount to be noticed.

  B. It just stays in the atmosphere for a short time.

  C. It belongs to carbon dioxide.

  D. It is beyond their study.

  【解析】第一段第二句可推断出因为煤烟停留时间短,所以未多关注,选B。

  (A) 33. Why has the Arctic been melting faster than expected?

  A. Soot has much stronger damaging power.

  B. People play down the role of soot.

  C. The amount of rain increases.

  D. The globe is becoming warmer.

  【解析】第三段前两句指出黑炭对冻土地区破坏性尤其大,因为黑炭落到雪和冰上后,会增加他们吸收的光和热的量,这解释了为什么北极地区比人们预料的要融化的快,所以选A。

  (D) 34. What is the fundamental reason for people to deal with soot?

  A. Soot can change regional precipitation patterns.

  B. Soot can fasten the melting pace of frozen regions.

  C. Soot can cause acid rain.

  D. Soot can cause diseases.