商务英语翻译模拟试题

时间:2020-08-29 08:13:12 英语口译 我要投稿

商务英语翻译模拟试题

  翻译是在准确、通顺的基础上,把一种语言信息转变成另一种语言信息的行为。以下是小编整理的关于商务英语翻译模拟试题,希望大家认真阅读!

商务英语翻译模拟试题

  1. 该组有10个商务英语英文词或词组,下面均有英文词或词组来进行解释。请将正确的选项标出,要求英英转换意义准确,符合商务英语规范。(10分)

  (1) to conclude

  A. to give one’s place to each B. to end or judge after some consideration

  C. to explain D. to contain

  (2) to enforce

  A. to break or act against a law B. to cause a law or rule to be obeyed

  C. to prevent movement from happening

  D. to direct something into a particular place

  (3) to appoint

  A. to take back property B. to meet someone’s needs

  C. to choose someone officially for a job D. to claim for something

  (4) to approve

  A. to abide by B. to comply with

  C. to have a positive opinion D. to come up with

  (5) obviate

  A. to violate B. to remove a difficulty, to avoid

  C. to allow sb to do D. to be apparent

  (6) to violate

  A. to break or act against a law, principle

  B. to beat or threaten someone

  C. to obey a law D. to cause a rule to be obeyed.

  (7) with respect to

  A. comply with B. in relation to

  C. conform to D. coincide with

  (8) to entertain a client

  A. to cater for B. to treat sb. at the table

  C. to launch a product D. to shorten a vacation

  (9) temptation

  A. trying to attract people

  B. to encourage the popularity, sales and development

  C. to allow the value of money to vary

  D. to judge or decide the amount

  (10) advance

  A. to support by giving money

  B. to go or move sth. forward, to develop or improve

  C. to improve or increase D. to produce or provide

  2. 该组有10个商务英语英文词或词组,下面均有汉语词或词组来进行解释,请将正确项选出,要求英汉转换意义准确,符合商务英语规范。 (10分)

  (1) to deal with (complaints)

  A. 处理日常事务 B. 论述某项事情

  C. 处理顾客投诉 D.与某人做买卖

  (2) to come into being

  A. 开始变化 B. 形成,成立

  C. 发生质变 D. 进入

  (3) brand loyalty

  A. 对企业的信誉 B. 对条款的.信誉

  C. 对商标的信誉 D. 对产品的信誉

  (4) market tone

  A. 市场预期 B. 市场行情

  C. 市场波动 D. 市场供求

  (5) for file

  A. 赔偿 B. 供参考

  C. 供查找 D.存档

  (6) compensation

  A. 安慰,宽慰 B. 补偿,赔偿

  C. 理解,体谅 D. 协调,一致

  (7) at one’s own expense

  A.花费…钱 B. 以…代价

  C. 费用自理 D. 以昂贵的价格购买

  (8) aggregate

  A. 聚集 B. 使……加重

  C 赞同 D 欣赏

  (9) marketability

  A. 市场营销 B. 市场销售能力

  C. 市场准入 D. 市场性

  (10) in return

  A. 作为回报 B. 返回

  C. 以…的代价 D. 货币回笼

  1.完形填空题(10空,每空1.5分)

  Offer

  Validity time of offer

  An offer becomes __1___ when it reaches the offeree (CISG Art.15 ). On this point, the laws in all states share the same view, for an offer is an indication of seller’s __2___, and the offeree can only decide whether to accept it or not when he receives it. Therefore, if one party expects or somehow learns that someone is sending him an offer before he really receives it, he sends an “acceptance” to the offeror, in this case. No contract is formed even if the content of the “acceptance” __3___with the offer he receives later. The “acceptance” is in fact an offer, and therefore, no contract can be formed on this unless the other party __4___ the “acceptance”.

  Withdrawal of offer

  The ___5___ of offer means that the offeror, for some reason, withdraws his offer before it reaches the offeree or before it becomes effective. This may happen when the offeror finds that the offer he makes contains some mistake, or that the situation has changed which makes his offer ___6___ to him. The common practice is to make use of a faster means of communication to send the message of withdrawal so that it can reach the offeree earlier than the offer does.

  Revocation of offer

  To revoke an offer means that when the offer has reached the offeree, and it has become effective, the offeror acts to revoke the offer thus to kill its effectiveness. The issue of whether an effective offer may be revoked _7___ hot debates among scholars from different law systems. The civil law system __8__ that an offer is __9___ within the validity time, or during the time in expectation of a reply, while the common law system provides that an offer may be revoked at any time unless it is accepted. The Convention makes some mediation between the two legal systems of the world which agrees in principle that an offer is revocable before the note of acceptance is dispatched but provides that on the following two occasions, an offer is irrevocable.

  1) It indicates, whether by starting a fixed or otherwise, that it is irrevocable.

  2) If it was reasonable for the offeree to rely on the offer as being irrevocable and the offeree has acted in __10___ on the offer.

  1. A. objective B. meaningful C. effective D. helpful

  2. A. proposal B. tone C. case D. term

  3. A. differs B. coincides C. deals D. copes

  4. A. refuses B. dispatches C. confirms D. receives

  5. A. withdrawal B. lose C. validity D. mediation

  6. A. good B. unfavorable C. well D. worst

  7. A. raises B. arouses C. rises D. puts

  8. A. provides B. writes C. names D. relies

  9. A. revocable B. irrevocable C. relevant D. irrelevant

  10. A. rely B. depend C. dependence D. reliance

  2.语境意义题:

  文中有五处缺少内容,请从文后的选项中选出合适的选项,填回到原文中相应的位置 (5空,每空3分)

  Many of today's banking services were first practiced in ancient Lydia, Phoenicia, China, and Greece, where trade and commerce flourished. The temples in Babylonia made loans from their treasuries as early as 2000 B.C.. The temples of ancient Greece served as safe-deposit vaults for the valuables of worshipers. The Greeks also coined money and developed a system of credit. The Roman Empire had a highly developed banking system, and its bankers accepted deposits of money, made loans, and pur- chased mortgages. Shortly after the fall of Rome in AD 476, banking declined in Europe.

  (1) _______________ The moneychangers of the Italian states developed facilities for exchanging local and foreign currency. Soon merchants demanded other services, such as lending money, and gradually bank ser- vices were expanded.

  The first bank to offer most of the basic banking functions known today was the Bank of Barcelona in Spain. Founded by merchants in 1401, this bank held deposits, exchanged currency, and carried out lending operations. It also is believed to have introduced the bank check. (2) _______________ These institutions laid the foundation for modern banks of deposit and transaction.

  For more than 300 years, banking on the European continent was in the hands of powerful statesmen and wealthy private bankers, such as the Medici family in Florence and the Fuggers in Germany. (3) _______________

  The Bank of France was organized in 1800 by Napoleon. The hank had become the dominant financial institution in France by the mid-1800s. In Germany, banking experienced a rapid development about the middle of the 19th century with the establishment of several strong stock-issuing, or publicly owned banks.

  Banking in the British Isles originated with the London goldsmiths of the 16th century. These men made loans and held valuables for safekeeping. By the 17th century English goldsmiths created the model for today's modern fractional reserve banking -- that is, the practice of keeping a fraction of depositors' money in reserve while ex- tending the remainder to borrowers in the form of loans. Customers deposited gold and silver with the goldsmiths for safekeeping and were given deposit receipts verifying their Ownership of the gold deposited with the goldsmith. These receipts could be used as money because they were backed by gold. But the goldsmiths soon discovered that they could take a chance and issue additional receipts against the gold to other people who needed to borrow money. (4) _______________ Hence , the amount of receipts or claims on the gold frequently exceeded the actual amount of the gold, and the idea that bankers could create money was born.

  (5) _______________ Other banks existed in the colonies prior to this, most notably the Bank of Pennsylvania, but these banks were chartered by individual states. In 1787 the Bank of North America changed to a Pennsylvania charter following controversy about the legality of a congressional charter. Other large banks were chartered in the early 1780s by the various states, primarily to is- sue paper money called bank notes. These notes supplemented the coins then in circulation and assisted greatly in business expansion. The banks were also permitted to accept deposits and to make loans.

  A. Three other early banks, each managed by a committee of city officials, were the Bank of Amsterdam (1609), the Bank of Venice (1587), and the Bank of Hamburg (1619).

  B. This worked as long as the original depositors did not withdraw all their gold at one time.

  C. The increase of trade in 13th-century Italy prompted the revival of banking.

  D. During the 19th century, members of the Rothschild family became the most influential bankers in all Europe and probably in the world. This international banking family was founded by German financier Mayer Amschel Rothschild (1743 ~1812), but it soon spread to all the major European financial capitals.

  E. Because there were no minimum reserve requirements on deposits, bank notes were secured by the assets of the issuing banks. Most assets took the form of business loans.

  F. The first important bank in the United States was the Bank of North America, established in 1781 by the Second Continental Congress. It was the first bank chartered by the U.S. government.

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