时间:2024-05-23 13:47:07 考研英语 我要投稿





  Directions: You find your study load is too heavy. Write a letter to your college teacher:

  1) you need to withdraw from two courses,

  2) explain the reasons,

  3) ask if it is possible to obtain a refund.

  Dear Professor Smith,

  I am writing to formally request to withdraw from two courses: Introduction to Elementary Education and Teaching Methods.

  The main reason for reducing my course load is that I am finding it extremely difficult to manage six courses. Because I really have to work part time, I have no other choice but to decrease my course load. Besides, I would also like to request a tuition refund. I am sorry for any inconveniences I have caused by this change in plans. This decision was not taken lightly, and I do appreciate the kind consideration you have shown to me.

  Thank you for your attention to these requests. If you have any questions, please feel free to contact me at 82036600. I look forward to hearing from you soon.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming



  Imagine you are a student who wants to apply for the New Star scholarship offered by your university. Write a letter to the person concerned which should include

  (1) the purpose of writing the letter;

  (2) your qualifications for the scholarship;

  (3) your thanks.

  You should write about 100 words. Do not sign your own name at the end of the letter. Use "Li Ming" instead.

  You do not need to write the address.



  From the cartoon we can see that_____.

  We can see from the cartoon that_____.

  As is indicated in the cartoon, _____.


  We can deduce from these two vivid drawings that_____.

  What has been describe in the cartoon carries great implications for our life, esp. how to_____.

  What it illustrates is a common phenomenon in today's society, and it conveys the symbolic meaning of_____.


  What is the purpose of the drawer of this cartoon? In the first place,_____. In the second place,_____.


  There are quite a few possible reasons suggested here. To begin with,_____. In the second place,_____. Finally,_____.

  There are some possible reasons for this tendency. To begin with,_____. In the second place,_____. Finally,_____.

  What caused the effect? There are at least two possible reasons. To begin with,_____. In the second place,_____.


  It is, therefore, necessary that efforts should be made to cope with the problem as early as possible.

  We should take immediate measures, for if the present situation continues as before, serious outcome will come up.

  As far as I am concerned, my suggestions as to ___are as follows.


  It is clear that ___plays a important role in our life and work.

  There may be some other reasons responsible for ___, but I think what has been mentioned above is generally acceptable.

  This is my point of view as to how to___, and I am sure that my ideas are both sound and reasonable.


  A case in point is my neighbor, who_____.

  I'd like to quote a further example here.

  According to a recent survey made by professor Wang, head of social department in Peking University, 90% of the people across the country are suffering from the problem.

  Another survey also shows that the trend is turning from bad to worse.


  Only in this way can we_____.


  In the first place, ___. In the second place, ___. Last but not the least, ___.

  To begin with, ___. Furthermore, ___. The most important of all, ___.

  On the one hand, ___. On the other hand, ___. In addition, ___.

  For one thing, ___. For another, ___. What's more, ___.

  First of all, ___. In the second place, ___. Conversely, ____.


  ① Here is the picture , a simple drawing yet with profound implications . ② _______(图片描述). ③ As can be gathered from the picture , it apparently intends to convey to us this message : _______(图片传递的信息).

  ④ To the best of my knowledge , several factors can be identified to account for this tragedy . ⑤ To begin with , _______(因素一). ⑥ Furthermore , _______(因素二). ⑦ Last but not the least , the fact that _______(因素三) is also responsible for this phenomenon .

  ⑧ From what has been discussed above , it is urgent that effective measures should be taken to resolve the problem . ⑨ In the first place , the government is supposed to _______(措施一). ⑩ In the second , it is crucial that the society and media enhance people’s awareness in environmental protection . ? On our part/On the part of parents/children , it is sensible that we/they _______(从自身做起). Only by enforcing these measures , can we eventually solve the problem .


  1.There is absolutely no reason for us to believe that a brighter future for the world is an impossibility.


  2.Meteorologists offer computer models leaving little doubt that this year's El Nino phenomenon has disappeared.


  3.Facts prove the unjustifiability of claims that China will be unable to feed itself by the year 20xx.


  4.Previous explanations of the rising divorce rate in China are simply untenable. The fact is that many marriages were simply based on convenience and wives are no longer willing to accept the abusive domineering attitudes of husbands.


  5.Claim that entering the Chinese market offers foreign companies an immediate road to profits are grossly misstated and have been proven wrong time and again. The key to entering China rests with the phraseology vast potential market, and how long one is willing to wait for returns.


  6.Parents are not wrong in enforcing good study habits, but they must not do so at the expense of stifling normal child development.


  7.It is quite reasonable to assume that modern science and technology (S&T) will continue to advance. It is no less reasonable to believe that S&T will radically improve the way we live. However, the same reasoning cannot be applied to improving social interaction.


  8.Belief in the wonders of modern medical science is quite understandable. It is also quite possible that our faith in the ability of scientists to find the key for prolonging life are well-founded. Yet, the wisdom of prolonging life remains in question when considering the already massive global population and projected future growth.


  9.It is one thing to support euthanasia, but quite another to offer any justification for genocide.


  10.Claiming the need for censorship is one thing, but rationally proving its redeeming values represents a quite d

  ifferent issue.



  We are glad that Fuzhou is now among the national civilized cities. As students~ what shall we do to keep up the good work? First of all, we should respect our teachers, parents and the old. Also, we ought to be polite and honest. Second, it's always good to be kind, friendly and helpful to others. Third, we must obey traffic rules and mustn't cross the streets when the traffic lights are red. Last but not least, it's important and necessary to help protect the environment.

  For example, we shouldn't spit here and there or throw litter about. We'd better not pick flowers or step on the grass. In short, if everyone makes contributions, our city will be better and better.


  Dear Professor Alexander,

  On behalf of all the students at my university who share a love for the English language, I cordially invite you to give a lecture to at Beijing Foreign Studies University.

  As you are one of the leading experts in the English language in the world, I believe that the students will not only be able to learn from you, but to be inspired by you as well. We are hoping that you will be available for a lecture on our campus on January 4 at 10:00 am. There has been 45 minutes allocated for your lecture and 15 minutes for a question and answer session.

  If you are interested in coming to our university for the lecture, you can email me at the address below. We are looking forward to meeting you.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming









  on behalf of代表 share a love热爱 language语言 cordially诚挚地 invite邀请 lecture讲座 studies研究 leading杰出的 expert专家 inspire启发 be available for能够 lecture讲座 campus校园 January一月 allocate分配 question and answer问答 session单元 be interested in对······感兴趣 email发电子邮件 address地址 look forward to期待




  1、I am pleased to invite you to participate in an activity to be held from January 4 to 7 in Beijing.


  2、It is my pleasure to extend an invitation to you to take part in an evening party for purpose of celebrating my birthday.为了庆祝我的生日,我很高兴邀请你来参加一场晚会。

  3、I hope that you have not any plan for the coming Sunday, as I would like you to spend it with us at our home.我希望你下星期天没有什么安排,因为我想邀请你到我家玩。


  1. Millions of people have to spend more time and energy on studying new skills and technology so that they can keep a favorable position in job market.


  2. According to a recent survey, a growing number of people express a strong desire to take another job or spend more time on their job in order to get more money to support their family.


  3. From what has been discussed above, I am fully convinced that the leisure life-style is undergoing a decline with the progress of modern society, it is not necessary a bad thing.


  4. The problem of international tourism has caused wide public concern over the recent years.


  5. Many people believe that international tourism produce positive effects on economic growth and local government should be encouraged to promote international tourism.


  6. But what these people fail to see is that international tourism may bring about a disastrous impact on our environment and local history.


  7. As for me, Im firmly convinced that the number of foreign tourists should be limited, for the following reasons:


  8. In addition, in order to attract tourists, a lot of artificial facilities have been built, which have certain unfavorable effects on the environment.


  9. For lack of distinct culture, some places will not attract tourists any more. Consequently, the fast rise in number of foreign tourists may eventually lead to the decline of local tourism.


  10. There is a growing tendency for parents to ask their children to accept extra educational programs over the recent years.


  11. This phenomenon has caused wide public concern in many places of world.


  12. Many parents believe that additional educational activities enjoy obvious advantage. By extra studies, they maintain, their children are able to obtain many kinds of practical skills and useful knowledge, which will put them in a beneficial position in the future job markets when they grow up.


  13. In the first place, extra studies bring about unhealthy impacts on physical growth of children. Educational experts point out that, it is equally important to take some sport activities instead of extra studies when children have spent the whole day in a boring classroom.


  14. Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life.


  15. In the second place, from psychological aspect, the majority of children seem to tend to have an unfavorable attitude toward additional educational activities.



  1. According to a recent survey, four million people die each year from diseases linked to smoking.


  2. The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.


  3. No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.


  4. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.


  5. An increasing number of people are beginning to realize that education is not complete with graduation.


  6. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.


  7. Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a persons physical fitness.


  8. Proper measures must be taken to limit the number of foreign tourists and the great efforts should be made to protect local environment and history from the harmful effects of international tourism.


  9. An increasing number of experts believe that migrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the migrants have brought many serious problems like crime and prostitution.


  10. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.


  11. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem: the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.


  12. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.


  13. A proper part-time job does not occupy students too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.


  14. Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.


  15.Nowadays, many students always go into raptures at the mere mention of the coming life of high school or college they will begin. Unfortunately, for most young people, it is not pleasant experience on their first day on campus.


  16. In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.


  17. The majority of students believe that part-time job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable position in the future job markets.


  18. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.


  19. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that education can be obtained at any age and at any place.


  20. No one can deny the fact that a persons education is the most important aspect of his life.


  21. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.


  22. In the last decades, advances in medical technology have made it possible for people to live longer than in the past.


  23. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.


  24. We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.


  25. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.


  26. The information Ive collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.


  27. Now, it is generally accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduation.


  28. This is a matter of life and death--a matter no country can afford to ignore.


  29. For my part, I agree with the latter opinion for the following reasons:


  30. Before giving my opinion, I think it is important to look at the arguments on both sides.


  31. This view is now being questioned by more and more people.


  32. Although many people claim that, along with the rapidly economic development, the number of people who use bicycle are decreasing and bicycle is bound to die out. The information Ive collected over the recent years leads me to believe that bicycle will continue to play extremely important roles in modern society.

  尽管许多人认为随着经济的高速发展,用自行车的人数会减少,自行车可能会消亡, 然而,这几年我收集的一些信息让我相信自行车仍然会继续在现代社会发挥极其重要的作用。

  33. Environmental experts point out that increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.


  34. In view of such serious situation, environmental tools of transportation like bicycle are more important than any time before.


  35. Using bicycle contributes greatly to peoples physical fitness as well as easing traffic jams.


  36. Despite many obvious advantages of bicycle, it is not without its problem.


  37. Bicycle cant be compared with other means of transportation like car and train for speed and comfort.


  38. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that advantages of bicycle far outweigh its disadvantages and it will still play essential roles in modern society.


  39. There is a general discussion these days over education in many colleges and institutes. One of the questions under debate is whether education is a lifetime study.


  40. This issue has caused wide public concern.


  41. It must be noted that learning must be done by a person himself.


  42. A large number of people tend to live under the illusion that they had completed their education when they finished their schooling. Obviously, they seem to fail to take into account the basic fact that a persons education is a most important aspect of his life.


  43. As for me, Im in favor of the opinion that education is not complete with graduation, for the following reasons:


  44. It is commonly accepted that no college or university can educate its students by the time they graduate.


  45. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person.


  46. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.


  47. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that learning new skills and knowledge contributes directly to enhancing their job opportunities or promotion opportunities.


  48. An investigation shows that many older people express a strong desire to continue studying in university or college.


  49. For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment after their retirement.


  50. For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.



  What is subtly demonstrated in the above drawing is that in front of a desktop sits a fashionable lady who is staring at the screen with shocked expression wearing on cheeks and huge sweat dropping from her forehead. What is spit from the computer is the lengthy Alipay bill, which can almost be spread as long as two meters. The caption above reads that you should keep away from Taobao and cherish your income.

  The objective of the drawer is to show us that utmost attention should be paid to shopping online, which has exerted profound impact on the daily life of the average individuals. We can easily recognize its advantages as follows: e-commerce, which is extremely convenient, can save us a great amount of precious time and we can buy products everywhere we want as long as we can surf online. However, for all the advantages mentioned above, online trading is by no means without its limitations as listed below: we may be cheated by some online retailers, which might be a potential threat to our bank accounts.

  Accordingly, it is imperative for us to take drastic measures. For one thing, we should appeal to the authorities to make strict legislations to severely punish those who deliberately spoil the interests of online customers. For another, we should enhance the awareness of residents that rational purchasing is conducive to our income management. Only in this way can we maximize the merits and minimize the demerits of online purchasing.



  Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following pictures. In your essay, you should:

  1) describe the drawings briefly,

  2) explain its intended meaning, and then

  3) give your comments.

  You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET. (20 points)

  This picture is humorous but reveals a profound meaning. According to this figure, we can see that two individuals are digging wells for water with spades. However, one person gives up looking for water because he digs even three holes but still cannot find any water, while the other one insists on digging one hole and finally receives an abundance of water.

  This picture tells us one principle which is a famous proverb called “Success belongs to the persevering”. It is obvious that the chance of finding water is fair enough to the two men. Nevertheless, the reason leading to the completely different consequences is only their different attitudes. As students, we should not doubt that the God will favor one special group and feel upset and hopeless. To be frank, our society is realistic and it provides everyone with same opportunities. We need to seize the opportunities, correct our attitudes and be down-to-earth persons. I firmly believe that we can achieve our goals by persevering painstaking efforts. Nothing is impossible as long as we do our best. In addition, sometimes insisting itself is not absolutely unquestioned. If we choose an unpractical goal, it is just a behavior of wasting life. On the contrary, it is wise to set an objective cautiously and then keep going without any complaints.

  To sum up, selecting a right target and always working for it is of great significance for all of us.


  1. It is(has been)estimated that the world's population could reach 6 billion by the end of the century.

  2. It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population.

  3. Upon hearing the unexpected news,he was so surprised that he couldn't utter a word.

  4. It's hard to say whether the plan is practicable.

  5. It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work.

  6. As the saying goes,nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.

  7. As is known man is the product of labour.

  8. It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we can overcome.

  9. It seems certain that they have made a series of experiments.

  10. It must be admitted that you haven't done what you promised to do.

  11. It is certain that we have a long way to go.

  12. It is clear that the enemy has no desire for peace.

  13. It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each

  14. There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.

  15. It is said that bats have been using radar for millions of years.

  16. To tell the truth,many mistakes we made could have been avoided.

  17. As we know,it was not until recently that the problem was solved.

  18. In my opinion,this computer is different from that one you saw.

  19. All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.

  20. As far as we know,it took him more than a year to write the book.

  21. It has been proved that every substance,no matter what it is,made up of atoms.

  29. It is true that we must redouble our efforts;otherwise we cannot catch up with the developed countries.

  30. I take it for granted that they will support this idea. I regard it as natural that they will agree to this idea.

  31. In a certain sense,a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.

  32. It is a common saying that man who has a settled purpose will surely succeed.

  33. The oceans do not so much divide the world as unite it.

  34. It can be said that without knowledge of science and technology,it is impossible to build socialist modernizations.

  35. There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production.

  36. Now in China,more and more families can afford to buy high-grade goods,such as washing machines,TV sets,videocorders.



  The cartoon aims at informing us of the significance of an optimistic mindset. Definitely, no once can deny the importance of it. An optimistic mindset can help us achieve our objectives more smoothly and realize our dreams more rapidly. By being optimistic. we can face challenges and surmount hardships with confidence,keep sober and figure out effective measures even in desperate situations. To further illustrate the importance of being optimistic, I would like to take Beethoven as a case in point: how could he, a great German music composer who became deaf at his forties, compose so many enduring and classic symphonies without optimism?

  Accordingly, at no time should we overlook the power of optimism. once coming across frustrations and intending to give up, we should remind ourselves that it is optimism that will finally lead us to turn the corner. the optimistic sees the rose, and the pessimistic sees the thorn. A philosopher once said.


  1. It is hard to imagine a student focusing their energy on textbook while other children are playing.


  2. Moreover, children will have less time to play and communicate with their peers due to extra studies, consequently, it is difficult to develop and cultivate their character and interpersonal skills. They may become more solitary and even suffer from certain mental illness.


  3. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that, although extra studies indeed enjoy many obvious advantages, its disadvantages shouldnt be ignored and far outweigh its advantages. It is absurd to force children to take extra studies after school.


  4. Any parents should place considerable emphasis on their children to keep the balance between play and study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy.


  5. There is a growing tendency for parent these days to stay at home to look after their children instead of returning to work earlier.


  6. Parents are firmly convinced that, to send their child to kindergartens or nursery schools will have an unfavorable influence on the growth of children.


  7. However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts, who point out that it is unhealthy for children who always stay with their parents at home.


  8. Although parent would be able to devote much more time and energy to their children, it must be admitted that, parent has less experience and knowledge about how to educate and supervise children, when compared with professional teachers working in kindergartens or nursery schools.


  9. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw a conclusion that, although the parents desire to look after children by themselves is understandable, its disadvantages far outweigh the advantages.


  10. Parents should be encourage

  d to send their children to nursery schools, which will bring about profound impacts on children and families, and even the society as a whole.



  Direction: You just bought an English dictionary from a famous e-commerce site only to find it not as good as you expected. Write an email to the customer service center to

  1) complain the poor quality of the dictionary, and

  2) give reasons for your complaints.

  Dear Mr. Wang,

  As a regular customer, I am writing this letter to complain about the quality of dictionary bought from the bookone.com.

  I ordered an Oxford Dictionary of Contemporary English a week ago. Apart from the delayed delivery, many pages in the dictionary are missing and some of the pages are reversed, which are totally unacceptable to me.

  I would like to get a refund or at least change it for a new one. And trust that you will now consider this matter seriously and make an effort to prevent the recurrence of this kind.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming