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2014全国卷2高考英语试题及答案

时间:2017-09-23 16:08:10 职场资讯 我要投稿

  英 语

  本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡一并交回。

  注意事项:

  1.答第I卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

  2.选出每小题答案前,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号框,不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5个小题:每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的A B C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  例:How much is the shirt?

  A. £19.15 B.£9.18 C. £9.15

  答案是C

  1. What does the woman want to do?

  A. Find a place B. Buy a map C. Get an address

  2. What will the man do for the woman?

  A. Repair her car B. Give her a ride C. Pick up her aunt

  3. Who might Mr.Peterson be?

  A.A new professor. B. A department head. C.A company director

  4. What does the man think of the book?

  A. Quite difficult B. Very interesting C. Too simple

  5. What are the speakers talking about?

  A. Weather B. Clothes C. News

  第二节(共15小题:每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或对白,每段对话或对白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6断材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. Why is Harry unwilling to join woman?

  A. He has a pain in his knee. B. He wants watch TV. C. He is too lazy.

  7. What will the woman probably do next?

  A. stay at home B. Take Harry to hospital. C. Do some exercise

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题

  8.When will the man be home from work?

  A. At 5:45 B. At 6:15 C. At 6:50

  9.Where will the speakers go?

  A. The Green House Cinema

  B. The New State Cinema

  C. The UME Cinema

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10.How will the speakers go to New York?

  1

  A.By air B.By Taxi C.By bus

  11.Why are the speakers making the trip?

  A.For businiss B.For shopping C.For holiday

  12.What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A.Driver and passenger B.Husband and wife Fellow workers

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13.where does this conversation probably take place?

  A.In a restaurant B.In an office C.In a classroom

  14.What does John do now?

  A.He‘s trainer. B.He‘s a tour guide C.He‘s a college student

  15.How much can a new person for the first year?

  A. $10,500 B. $12,000 C. $15,000

  16.How many people will the woman hire?

  A.Four B.Three C. Two

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17.How long has the speaker lived in a big city?

  A.One year B.Ten years C.Eighteen years.

  18.What is the speaker‘s opinion on public transport?

  A.It‘s comfortable B.It‘s time-saving C.It‘s cheap

  19.Whay is good about living in a small town?

  A.It‘s safer B.It‘s healthier C.It‘s more convenient

  20.What kind of life does the speakers seem to like most?

  A.Busy, B.Colourful. C.Quiet

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分40分)

  阅读下列短文,从学科网每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑.

  A

  Arriving in Sydney on his own from India, my husband, Rashid, stayed in a hotel for a short time while looking for a short time while looking for a house for me and our children.

  During the first week of his stay, he went out one day to do some shopping. He came back in the late afternoon to discover that his suitcase was gone. He was extremely worried as the suitcase had all his important papers, including his passport.

  He reported the case to the police and then sat there,lost and lonely in strange city, thinking of the terrible troubles of getting all the paperwork organized again from a distant country while trying to settle down in a new one.

  Late in the evening, the phone rang. It was a stranger. He was trying to pronounce my husband‘s name and was asking him a lot of questions. Then he said they had found a pile of papers in their trash can(垃圾桶)that had been left out on the footpath.

  My husband rushed to their home to find a kind family holding all his papers and documents. Their young daughter had gone to the trash can and found a pile of unfamiliar papers. Her parents had carefully sorted them out, although they had found mainly foreign addresses on most of the documents. At last they had seen a half-written letter in the pile in which my husband had given his new telephone number to a friend.

  That family not only restored the important documents to us that day but also restored our faith and trust in people. We still remember their kindness and often send a warm wish their way.

  21. What did Rashid plan to do after his arrival in Sydney?

  A. Go shopping B. Find a house C. Join his family D. Take his family

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  22. The girl‘s parents got Rashid‘s phone number from_______.

  A. a friend of his family B. a Sydney policeman

  C. a letter in his papers D. a stranger in Sydney

  23. What does the underlined word —restored‖ in the last paragraph mean?

  A. Showed B. Sent out C. Delivered D. Gave back

  24. Which of the following can be the best title for the text?

  A. From India to Australia. B. Living in a New Country.

  C. Turning Trash to Treasure. D. In Search of New Friends.

  B

  Since the first Earth Day in 1970,American have gotten a lot —greener‖ toward the

  environment . —We didn‘t know at that time there even was an environment, let alone that there was a problem with it,‖ says Bruce Anderson, president of Earth Day USA.

  But what began as nothing important in public affairs has grown into a social movement .Business people, political leaders, university professors, and especially millions of grass-roots Americans are taking part in the movement. —The understanding has increased many ,many times,‖ says Gaylord Nelson, the former governor from Wisconsin, who thought up the first.

  According to US government reports , emissions (排放)from cars and trucks have dropped from 10.3 million tons a year to 5.5 tons .The number of cities producing CO beyond the standard has been reduced from 40 to 9 .Although serious problems still remain and need to be dealt with , the world is a safer and healthier place .A kind of —Green thinking ‖ has become part of practices .

  Great improvement has been achieved .In 1988 there were only 600 recycling programs ,; today in 1995 there are about 6,600 .Advanced lights ,motors , and building designs have helped save a lot of energy and therefore prevented pollution .

  Twenty five years ago , there were hardly any education programs for environment .Today , it‘s hard to find a public school , university , or law school that does not have such a kind of program .‖ Until we do that , nothing else will change! ‖ say Bruce Anderson .

  25 According to Anderson , before 1970, Americans had little idea about ___

  A. the social movement B. recycling techniques

  C. environmental problems D. the importance of Earth Day

  26 Where does the support for environmental protection mainly come from?

  A. The grass roots level B. The business circle

  C. Government officials D. University professors

  27. What have Americans achieved in environmental protection ?

  A. They have cut car emissions to the lowest

  B. They have settled their environmental problems

  C. They have lowered their CO levels in forty cities.

  D. They have reduced pollution through effective measures .

  28. What is especially important for environmental protection according to the last paragraph ?

  A. Education B. Planning C. Green living D. CO reduction

  C

  One of the latest trend(趋势) in American Childcare is Chinese au pairs. Au Pair in Stamford, for example, has got increasing numbers of request for Chinese au pairs from zero to around 4,000 since 2004. And that‘s true all across the country.

  —I thought it would be useful for him to learn Chinese at an early age‖ Joseph Stocke, the managing director of a company, says of his 2-year old son. —I would at least like to give him

  3

  the chance to use the language in the future,‖ After only six months of being cared by 25-year-old woman from China, the boy can already understand basic Chinese daily expressions, his dad says.

  Li Drake, a Chinese native raising two children in Minnesota with an American husband, had another reason for looking for an au pair from China. She didn‘t want her children to miss out on their roots.‖ Because I am Chinese, my husband and I wanted the children to keep exposed to(接触) the language and culture.‖ she says.

  —Staying with a native speaker is better for children than simply sitting in a classroom,‖ says Suzanne Flynn, a professor in language education of Children.‖ But parents must understand that just one year with au pair is unlikely to produce wonders. Complete mastery demands continued learning until the age of 10 or 12.‖

  The popularity if au pairs from china has been strengthened by the increasing numbers of American parents who want their children who want their children to learn Chinese. It is expected that American demand for au pairs will continue to rise in the next few years.

  29.What does that term‖ au pair‖ in the text mean?

  A. A mother raising her children on her own

  B. A child learning a foreign language at home

  C. A professor in language education of children

  D. A young foreign woman taking care of children.

  30. Li Drake has her children study Chinese because she wants them ______.

  A. to live in China some day

  B. to speak the language at home

  C. to catch up wit other children

  D. to learn about the Chinese culture

  31. What can we infer from the text?

  A. Learning Chinese is becoming popular In America,

  B. Educated woman do better in looking after children

  C. Chinese au pairs need to improve their English Skills.

  D. Children can learn a foreign language well in six months.

  D

  Metro Pocket Guide

  Metrorail(地铁)

  Each passenger needs a farecard to enter and go out. Up to two children under ago five may travel free with a paying customer.

  Farecard machine are in every station, Bring small bills because there are no change machines in the station and farecard machine only provide up to $ 5 in change.

  Get one of unlimited Metrorail rides with a One Day Pass. Buy it from a farecard machine in Metro stations. Use it after 9:30 a.m. until closing on weekdays, and all day on weekends and holidays.

  Hours of Service

  Open: 5 a.m Mon-Fri 7a.m. SatSun .

  Close: midnight SunThur.

  Last train time vary. To avoid missing the last train, please check the last train time posted in the station.

  Metrobus

  When paying with exact change, the fare is $ 1.35 . when paying with a smarTrip? card the fare is $1.25

  Fares for the Senior /disabled customers

  Senior citizens 65 and older and disabled customers may ride for half the regular fare. On

  4

  Metrorail and Metrobus, use a senior/disabled farecard or SmarTrip? card. For more

  information about buying senior/disabled farecards, farecard or SmarTripR card and passes, please visit MetroOpenDoors.com or call 202-637-7000 and 202-637-8000.

  Senior citizens and disabled customers can get free guide on how to use proper Metrobus and Metrorail services by calling 202-962-1100

  Travel tips(提示)

  . Avoid riding during weekday rush periods before 9:30 a.m. and between 4 and 6 p.m. . If you lose something on a bus or train or in a station, please call Lost & Found at

  202-962-1195.

  32. what should you know about farecard machine?

  A. They start selling tickets at 9:30 a.m.

  B. They are connected to change machines.

  C. They offer special service to the elderly.

  D. They make change for no more than $5.

  33. At what time does Metrorail stop service on Saturday?

  A. At midnight B. at 3 a.m. C. at 5 am D. at 7 p.m.

  34. What is good about a SmarTrip? card?

  A. It is convenient for old people B. It saves money for its users

  C. it can be bought at any time D. it is sold on the Internet.

  35. Which number should you call if you lose something on the Metro?

  A. 202-962-1195 B.202-962-1100

  C.202-673-7000 D.202-673-8000

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule

  From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don‘t cook more often: __Money is a topic I‘ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule:

  1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I‘m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have 2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal.

  3. your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. ___ and don‘t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live!

  A. Try new things.

  B. Ability is easily improved.

  C. Make three or four instead.

  D. Understand your food better.

  E. Cooking is a burden for many people.

  5

  F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden.

  G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top but on their way back conditions were very Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon alone, he would probably get back But Simon decided to risk his and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳). couldn‘t see or hear each other and, ___precipice(峭壁)up. Joe‘s into a large crevasse(裂缝)in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn‘t walk, but he _to get out of the crevasse and started to he heard Joe‘s voice. He couldn‘t __alive.

  41.A. hurriedly B. carefully .C. successfully D. early

  42. A. difficult B. similar C. special D. normal

  43. A. climbed B. worked C. rested . D. continued

  44. A. unwillingly B. safely C. slowly D. regretfully

  45. A. fortune B. time C. health D. life

  46. A. lay B. settled C. went D. looked

  47. A. damage B. storm C. change D. trouble

  48. A. by mistake B. by chance C. by chance D. by luck

  49. A. unnecessary B. practical C. important D. impossible

  50. A. height B. weight C. strength .D. equipment

  51. A. Finally B. Patiently .C. Surely D. Quickly

  52. A. stand back B. take a rest C. make a decision .D. hold on

  53. A. jumped B. fell C. escaped D. backed

  54. A. managed B. planned C. waited D. hoped

  55. A. run B. skate C. move D. march

  56. A. around B. away C. above D. along

  57. A. headed for B. traveled to C. left for D. returned to

  58. A. dead B. hurt C. weak D. late

  59. A. secretly B. tiredly .C. immediately D. anxiously

  60. A. find B. believe C. make D. accept

  .第Ⅱ卷

  第三部分 英语知识运用

  第二节 (共10分;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于3个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 6

  the window, so I had a good view of the sidewalk. A boy on a bike (catch ) my attention. He was riding beside the bus and waving his arms. I heard a passenger Finally, when we came to the next stop, the boy ran up the door of the bus. I heard an excited conversation. Then the driver stood up and asked,—____stop?‖ A woman on the bus shouted, —Oh, dear! It ?s _______ (I)‖. She pushed her way to the driver and took the suitcase thankfully, Five others on the bus began talking about what the boy had done and the crowd of strangers

  第四部分:写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共

  有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线()划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:

  1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m and ends at 3:30 p.m. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn‘t need to do so many homework. Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and play sports for one hour every day.

  My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the lake listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends.

  第二节 书面表达 (25分)

  一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是—十年后的我‖、请根据下列要点和你的畅想完成短文。

  1、 家庭

  2、 工作

  3、 业余生活

  注意:1、词数100左右;

  2、可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头语已为你写好

  I often imagine what my life will be like in the future.

  __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  7

  2014年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试新课标II卷

  英 语

  参考答案

  第一部分

  1-5ABCBA 6-10 BCACA 11-15ACBCA 16-20CBCAB

  第二部分

  2125 BCDCC 26300 ADADD 3135 ADBBA 3640 BGCAF

  第三部分

  4145 CADBD 4650 CDADB 5155 ACBAC 5660 BDACB

  61. being 62. and 63. disappointed 64. to 65. caught 66. to stop 67. riding

  68.Did 69. me/mine 70. suddenly

  第四部分

  There

  don‘t much

  Therefore , we have more time after-school activities. For example, we can do reading

  for

  hours

  looks

  sit

  lake listening∧ to helpful

  teachers but also our friends.

  one Possible Version

  I often imagine what my life will be like in the future. I think my life will be very different in ten years. I will be twenty-eight years old by then. I will have my own family. Probably with a lovely child. I hope I will work in a computer company as a program designer. I will enjoy my work and get along well with my colleagues, I will do a good job in whatever I do. In my free time, I will continue to take regular exercise, such as swimming, running and various ball games. On my holidays, I will travel around the world. In a word, my life will be much richer and more colorful.

  8


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