Going on a diet
A typical person needs about 1,800 calories per day to stay alive. These calories keep your heart 1_______and your lungs breathing. They keep your organs operating2_______and, your brain running. They also keep your body warm. A person 3______weight because he or she consumes more calories per day than needed. The only way to lose fat is to 4______the number of calories that you consume per day. This is the basic 5______behind going on a diet.
6______，diets don't work for most people. They do lose weight but then 7______ the diet and put it back. Building a sensible diet and exercise plan is the key to 8______ a consistent weight. You need to figure out how many calories you need in a day and how many you 9______ take in. The next step is to add ，exercise so that you can 10______the number of calories you can consume per day.
1. The study has posed a question about this nature.
2. The sports meeting is cancelled due to the heavy rain.
A. because of
B. regardle.ss of
C. rather than
D. up to
3. The old man died of a deadly disease.
4. The American Medical Association has called for the sport of boxing (拳击) to be banned.
Directions: There are 20 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes
the sentence and mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
1. We go out for dinner a couple of times a month. Sometimes we __ a movie.(28)
A. take in B. keep down C. take over D. take after
2. The modern 7-inch long pencil can draw a line 35 miles in__(44)
A. gap B. interval C. length D. distance
3. A university is an educational institution which awards degrees and __ research.
A. carries out B. carries off C. carries about D. carries for
4. The captain of the ship __ the passengers that there was no danger.
A. confined B. insisted C. ensured D. assured
5. The speaker is the person who __ a speech transaction.(9)
A. initial B. initiates C. initiatives D. initiation
6. Never one to __ second best, John tried his best to solve the problem.
A. admit B. accept C. convince D. receive
7. The Atlantic hydrographic chart is being __ continuously; even as we speak submarines are charting the Arctic basin under the ice.(55)
A. rehearsed B. revised C. renewed D. retiled
8. The suppliers undoubtedly will get rich at the ___ of the customers.(45)
A. expanse B. spend C. warrant D. expense
9. When all the present oilfields are__ , its is possible that the North Pole may become the scene of oil activity.(46)
A. exhibited B. exhausted C. exploited D. exposed
10. The man __ that most poets and scientists are male.
A. deal with B. point out C. hold up D. hand on
11.Whereas outside the USA, Coke tends to be a young person's drink, inside the USA anybody of any age can drink it on any__ without embarrassment.(17)
A. choice B. occasion C. occupation D. occurrence
12. The waiters will refill your coffee cup several times for no extra__(17)
A. expand B. offer C. price D. charge
Gun Rights in the US
Immediately after the shooting at Virginia Tech University, Americans gathered to mourn the dead. The president and the state governor both hurried there to share the _____51 . But the majority of Americans still cling to their right to _____52 weapons.
Strictly speaking, the US is not the only country _____53 gun violence has destroyed lives, families and communities in everyday circumstance. But the US is one of the _____54 countries that seems unwilling and politically incapable of doing anything serious to stop it.
In countries like Britain and Canada, the government adopted stricter_____ 55 control soon after serious gun violence incidents. US leaders, however, are held _____56 by the gun lobby and the electoral system.
We got up early this morning and __1__ a long walk after breakfast. We walked through the business section of the city. I told you yesterday that the city was larger__2__ I thought it would be. __3__ the business section is smaller than I thought it would be. I suppose that's__4__ Washington is a special kind of city. __5__the people in Washington work for the government. A bout 9:30 we went to the White House. It's__6__ to the public from 10 till12, and there was a long line of people waiting to get in. We didn't have to wait very long, because the line moved __7__quickly.
The White House is really white. It is painted every year. And it seems very white, because it's got beautiful lawns all around it, ____8____many trees and shrubs. The grounds__9__ about four square blocks. I mean, they're about two blocks long__10__ each side. Of course, we didn't see the whole building. The part__11__the President lives and works is not open to the public. But the part we saw was beautiful. We went through five of the main rooms. One of them was the library, on the ground floor. On the next floor, there are three rooms named__12__ the colors that are used in them: the Red Room, the Blue Room, and the Green Room. The walls are covered with silk__13__. There are__14__ old furniture, from the time__15__ the White House was first built. And everywhere there are paintings and statues of former presidents and other famous people from history.
1. A) made B) did C)took D) got
2. A) than B) as C) so D) like
3. A) But B) Yes C) So D) Then
4. A) since B) as C) because D) because of
5. A) Much of B) Most of C) A lot D) Lots
6. A) open B) opening C) being opened D) opened
7. A) pretty B) little C) much D) very much
8. A) / B) having C) with D) together
9. A) include B) cost C) cover D) spread
10. A) by B) on C) for D) with
11. A) which B) what C) that D) where
12. A) by B) for C) after D) before
13. A) cloth B) clothes C) clothing D) cloths
14. A) Much pieces of B) many pieces of C) many a D) a great many
15. A) that B) which C) who D) when
key: CAACB AACCB DCABD
Storms Sink Ships
Rescuers have found the bodies of over 130 people killed in two ferry disasters in Bangladesh.
The accidents happened during a storm that hit the country on April 21. Hundreds more are missing or feared dead.
The two ferries sank in different rivers near the capital city of Dhakfi as strong winds and rain hit the South Asian country.
The government has since banned all ferries and other boats from traveling at night during the April-May stormy season.
One of the ferries, MV Mitali, was carrying far more people than it was supposed to. About400 passengers fitted into a space made for just 300, police said. The second ferry carried about 100 passengers.
the future of press
Can you hear This?
When something creates a sound wave in a room or an auditorium, listeners hear the sound wave directly from the source. They also hear the reflections as the sound bounces off the walls, floor, and ceiling. These are called the reflected wave or reverberant(反射的)sound, which can be heard even after the sound is no longer coming from the source.
The reverberation time of an auditorium is determined by the volume or interior size of the auditorium. It is also determined by how well or how poorly the walls, ceiling, floor, and contents of the room (including the people) absorb sound. There is no ideal reverberation time. Because each use of an auditorium calls for different reverberation. Speech needs to be understood clearly: therefore rooms used for talking must have a short reverberation time. The full-sound performance of music such as Wagner operas or Mahler symphonies should have a long reverberation time. The light, rapid musical passages of Bach or Mozart need a reverberation time somewhere between.
Deforestation and Desertification(沙漠化)
The Sahel zone lies between the Sahara desert and the fertile savannahs(热带大草原)of northern Nigeria and South Sudan. The word sahel comes from Arabic and means marginal or transitional, and this is a good description of these semi-arid(半干旱)lands, which occupy much of the Western African countries of Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Chad.
Unfortunately, over the last century the Sahara desert has steadily crept southwards eating into once productive Sahellands. United Nations surveys show that over 70 percent of the dry land in agriculture use in Africa has deteriorated over the last 30 years. Droughts have become more severe, the most recent lasting over twenty years in parts of the Sahel region. The same process of desertification is taking place across southern Africa as the Kalahari desert advances into Botswana and parts of South Africa.
Avalanche (雪崩) and Its Safety
An avalanche is a sudden and rapid flow of snow, often mixed with air and water, down a mountainside. Avalanches are__________ (1) the biggest dangers in the mountains for both life and property.
All avalanches are caused by an overburden of material, typically snowpack (积雪场), that is too massive and trustable for the slope__________(2) supports it. Determining the critical load,the amount of over-burden which is __________ (3) to cause an avalanche, __________ (4) a complex task involving the evaluation of a number of factors.