不变的春节

时间:2018-05-02 18:28:48 英语阅读 我要投稿

不变的春节

  引导语:下面小编给大家带来关于春节的英语阅读文章,谢谢您的阅读。

不变的春节

  第一篇:不变的春节

  Spring Festival is the most important holiday for Chinese people. Excitement and happiness are palpable this time of the year, and they reach the peak on lunar new year's eve.

  春节对于中国人来说是最重要的节日。在每年的春节都让人兴高采烈,尤其是大年三十那晚,更是达到了高潮。

  Through the 15-day period, which starts with the first day of the lunar new year and ends on the 15th day (known as Lantern Festival), is relatively long, it is the busiest time of the year for Chinese people. The arrangements they have to make for family reunions, buying necessities and preparing food keeps them busy throughout the holiday. Many of them travel back home and meet friends over dinner and drinks. The celebrations include decorating the house and setting off fireworks.

  春节历时15天,也就从大年初一开始,到元月十五元宵节结束。这段比较长的时间是中国人最忙的时候。他们为家庭聚会作安排,采购年货,准备丰盛的食物,以至于整个春节假期都忙忙碌碌的。许多人在春季期间都要回老家过年,跟朋友碰碰头,聚个餐。庆祝春节也包括大扫除和放烟火。

  But we are talking about a tradition that seems to be fading.

  但是我们现在要谈的是越来越淡的年味。

  Spring Festival, as it is celebrated today, has undergone many changes, thanks to the country's economic development and globalization.

  现在的春节已经因为我国经济的发展和全球化的影响而改变了很多。

  Yet no Spring Festival is complete without food. People could not get good food whenever they desired in earlier times, something that does not apply to society today. More often than not, people faced the risk of famine. The best time for people to celebrate was when food was available in plenty, and that was possible in spring, or the beginning of the lunar new year. That was the main reason why Spring Festival acquired such great importance among Chinese people.

  但是没有哪个春节是完全离得开“吃”的。从前,不论人们提前多久想要买年货,总是不能如愿,而现在早已今非昔比。过去常常还要闹饥荒。人们最好的庆祝时间就是他们能得到食物丰盛的时候,也就是春天或是元月初的那段时间。那也是为什么春节对于中国人如此重要的主要原因。

  But three decades of economic growth has ensured that people in China, except for those who are still poor, can enjoy a good meal whenever they want. Such has been the change in people's fortune that some have to be treated for obesity and other health problems associated with excessive eating.

  但是三十年来的经济发展已经让中国人,除了那些仍然穷苦的人以外,随时都能享受美食。这得益于人民财富的增长,但是后者也导致一些人吃得太多而受到肥胖威胁和健康问题。

  In the past, celebrations were limited to events like song-and-dance duets in North China, dragon/lion dances in South China and fireworks, which required the joint efforts of the entire community. But economic development and urbanization seems to have weakened the social links among people. Many, especially those living in cities, are not interested in celebrating the festival with people they hardly know.

  在过去,庆祝春节还只停留在北方的二人转和南方的舞龙舞狮等形式。那些庆祝活动往往需要许多人合力才能办得起来。但是经济的发展和国际化程度的.提升似乎已经将这种社会联系弱化了。许多人,特别是城市居民,不太愿意与不相识的人一起共度春节。

  Many customs associated with Spring Festival have changed, too. In the past, people used to visit relatives and friends with gifts and lots of good wishes. Today, many people, especially the youth, use their cell phones or the Internet to send their good wishes and even "gifts" to their relatives and friends. Some may say this is a sign that people have become less caring about their near and dear ones, but we should see this development as a time- and energy-saving exercise granted by the information age.

  与春节相关的许多习俗也被改变了。在过去,人们常常会带着礼物走亲访友,互道祝福。今天许多人,特别是年轻人,用手机或是网络向亲朋好友发去“礼物”和祝福。有些人或许会说,这说明人们已经没有那么关心至爱亲朋了,但是我们应该把这种变化看作信息化时代省钱省力的好办法。

  In recent times, many people have started praying for a career promotion or more money instead of invoking God or the Buddha for a healthy and long life and the welfare of their family. But the number of such people is decreasing now, which shows that people are becoming more reasonable.

  最近几年,许多人开始祈祷事业高升,财源滚滚,而不是求神拜佛,他们身体健康,长命百岁,家庭美满。但是这样的人数现在正在减少,说明人们开始变得更加理性。

  第二篇:咱过年缺不了的8件事儿

  House Cleaning

  房屋打扫

  To clean houses on the New Year Eve is a very old custom dating back to thousands of years ago. The dust is traditionally associated with “old” so cleaning their houses and sweeping the dust mean to bid farewell to the “old” and usher in the “new”. Days before the New Year, Chinese families clean their houses, sweeping the floor, washing daily things, cleaning the spider webs and dredging the ditches. People do all these things happily in the hope of a good coming year.

  春节打扫房屋这个非常古老的习俗甚至可以追溯到几千年前。灰尘在传统上与“旧”联系在一起,所以打扫房屋和扫除灰尘意味着辞“旧”迎“新”。春节的前几天,中国的各家各户都打扫房屋,扫地,清洗日用品,清除蛛网和疏浚沟渠。人们兴高采烈做所有这些事情,希望来年好运。

  House decoration

  房屋装饰

  One of the house decorations is to post couplets on doors. On the Spring Festival couplets, good wishes are expressed. New Year couplets are usually posted in pairs as even numbers are associated with good luck and auspiciousness in Chinese culture.

  People in north China are used to posting paper-cut on their windows. When sticking the window decoration paper-cuts, people paste on the door large red Chinese character “fu”A red "fu"means good luck and fortune, so it is customary to post "fu"on doors or walls on auspicious occasions such as wedding, festivals.

  房屋装饰之一就是在门上贴对联。在春联上,抒发良好的祝愿。春联通常是成对张贴,因为双数在中国文化中是好运气和吉祥的象征。

  在中国北方,人们习惯于在窗户上贴剪纸。人们既在窗户上贴剪纸,又在大门上贴上大大的红色汉字“福”字,一个红色“福”字意味着好运和财富,因此习惯上在婚礼,节日之类的吉祥场合中,人们都会在门或墙上贴“福”字。

  Waiting for the First Bell Ringing of Chinese New Year

  等待春节的第一声钟鸣

  The first bell ringing is the symbol of Chinese New Year. Chinese people like to go to a large squares where there are huge bells are set up on New Year’s Eve. As the New Year approaches they count down and celebrate together. The people believe that the ringing of huge bell can drive all the bad luck away and bring the fortune to them. In recent years, some people have begun going to mountain temples to wait for the first ringing. Hanshan Temple in Suzhou, is very famous temple for its first ringing of the bell to herald Chinese New Year. Many foreigners now go to Hanshan Temple to celebrate Chinese New Year.

  第一次钟声是春节的象征。中国人喜欢到一个大广场,那里有为除夕设置的大钟。随着春节的临近,他们开始倒计数并一起庆祝。人们相信了大钟的撞响可以驱除霉运,带来好运。近年来,有些人开始去山上寺庙等待第一次钟声。苏州的寒山寺就非常著名,它的钟声宣布春节的到来。现在有许多外国人也去寒山寺庆祝春节。

  Staying up late ("Shousui")

  熬夜(“守岁”)

  Shousui means to stay up late or all night on New Year's Eve. After the great dinner, families sit together and chat happily to wait for the New Year’s arrival.

  守岁意味着除夕夜不睡觉。年夜饭后,家人聚坐一起,愉快聊天,等待春节的到来。

  New Year Feast

  年夜饭

  Spring Festival is a time for family reunion. The New Year's Feast is "a must" banquet with all the family members getting together. The food eaten on the New Year Eve banquet varies according to regions. In south China, It is customary to eat "niangao" (New Year cake made of glutinous rice flour) because as a homophone, niangao means "higher and higher every year". In the north, a traditional dish for the feast is "Jiaozi" or dumplings shaped like a crescent moon.

  春节是与家人团聚的时间。年夜饭是所有家庭成员聚在一起“必须”的宴会。除夕宴会上吃的食物根据不同的地区各不相同。在中国南方,习惯吃“年糕”(糯米粉制成的新年糕点),因为作为一个同音字,年糕意味着“步步高升”。在北方,年夜饭的传统饭是“饺子”或像月牙儿形的汤圆。

  Setting Firecrackers

  燃放鞭炮

  Lighting Firecrackers used to be one of the most important customs in the Spring Festival celebration. However, concerning the danger and the negative noises that lighting firecrackers may bring, the government has banned this practice in many major cities. But people in small towns and rural areas still hold to this traditional celebration. Right as the clock strikes 12 o'clock midnight of New Year's Eve, cities and towns are lit up with the glitter from fireworks, and the sound can be deafening. Families stay up for this joyful moment and kids with firecrackers in one hand and a lighter in another cheerfully light their happiness in this especial occasion, even though they plug their ears.

  放鞭炮曾是春节庆祝活动中最重要的习俗之一。然而,担心燃放鞭炮可能会带来危险和烦人的噪音,政府已在许多大城市下令禁止燃放鞭炮。但在小城镇和农村地区的人们仍然坚持这种传统的庆祝活动。除夕夜一旦时钟撞响午夜12点钟,城市和乡镇都被烟花的闪闪光芒映亮,鞭炮声震耳欲聋。一家人熬夜就为这个欢乐的时刻,孩子们一手拿鞭炮,一手拿火机兴高采烈地点放着他们在这个特殊节日的快乐,尽管他们吓得捂着耳朵。

  New Year Greetings(Bai Nian)

  春节的问候(拜年)

  On the first day of the New Year or shortly thereafter, everybody wears new clothes and greets relatives and friends with bows and Gongxi (congratulations), wishing each other good luck, happiness during the new year. In Chinese villages, some villagers may have hundreds of relatives so they have to spend more than two weeks visiting their relatives.

  On the first day of the new year, it’s customary for the younger generations to visit the elders, wishing them healthy and longevity.

  在春节第一天或此后不久,大家都穿着新衣服,带着弓向亲戚和朋友打招呼并恭喜(祝贺),彼此祝愿在新的一年里好运,幸福。在中国农村,有些村民可能有数以百计的亲戚,所以他们不得不拿出两个多星期来走亲访友。

  春节第一天,按习惯,小一辈人要拜见老一辈,祝愿他们健康长寿。

  因为探亲访友花费大量时间,所以,现在有些忙碌的人就送春节贺卡来表达他们的良好祝愿,而不是亲自去拜访。

  Because visiting relatives and friends takes a lot of time, now, some busy people will send New Year cards to express their good wishes rather than pay a visit personally.

  压岁钱

  Lucky Money

  这是孩子们的父母和祖父母给他们作为春节礼物的钱。压岁钱据说能带来好运,能驱魔;因此,就有了“压岁钱”的称呼。父母和祖父母先把钱放入特制的小红包里,年夜饭后或当孩子们来拜年时,将红包发给他们。他们之所以要把钱放到红包里,是因为中国人认为红色是个幸运色。他们想给自己孩子既有压岁钱还有幸运色。

  It is the money given to kids from their parents and grandparents as New Year gift. The money is believed to bring good luck, ward off monsters; hence the name "lucky money". Parents and grandparents first put money in small, especially-made red envelopes and give the red envelopes to their kids after the New Year's Feast or when they come to visit them on the New Year. They choose to put the money in red envelopes because Chinese people think red is a lucky color. They want to give their children both lucky money and lucky color.

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