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2017学位英语复习资料

时间:2017-04-22 求职英语 我要投稿

  成人本科学士学位英语统一考试是为了客观地测试本地区非英语专业成人本科毕业生申请学士学位者的英语语言知识和运用能力,考查其是否达到普通本科教育(非英语专业)英语教学的一般要求,是各省市成人高等教育本科毕业生获得成人学士学位的必备条件之一。

  2017学位英语复习资料

  形容词的顺序:系动词be, grow, get, become, feel, appear, prove, seem, look, keep, smell, taste, sound, turn, remain限定词+数量形容词(序数词在前,基数词在后)+性状形容词+大小、长短、高低等形体+新旧+颜色+国藉+材料

  Those three beautiful large square old brown wood table

  某些以a-开首的形容词例如:afraid, alike, alone, asleep, awake, alive 等只能作表语,不能作定语。

  某些以-ly结尾的词是形容词而不是副词:friendly, lively, lovely, lonely, likely, deadly, silly, orderly, timely等。

  1)close接近地 closely仔细地,密切地

  2)free 免费地 freely自由地,无拘束地

  3)hard努力地 hardly几乎不

  4)late 晚,迟 lately 近来

  5)most 极,非常 mostly主要地

  6)wide广阔地,充分地 widely广泛地

  7)high高 highly高度地,非常地

  8)deep深,迟 deeply抽象意义的“深”

  9)loud大声地 loudly大声地(含有喧闹的意思)

  10)near邻近 nearly几乎

  bad/ill,badly worse worst little less least

  表示一方不及另一方时,用“less+原级+than”的结构表示:This room is less beautiful than that one.

  表示一方超过另一方的程度或数量时,可在比较级前加表示程度的状语,如:even, a lot, a bit, a little, still, much, far, yet, by far等修饰:He works even harder than before.

  注意:by far 通常用于强调最高级。用于比较级时,一般放在比较级的后面, 如放在前面,应在二者中间加"the"。

  He is taller by far than his brother.

  He is by far the taller of the two brothers.

  某些以-or结尾的形容词进行比较时,用to代替than.superior, junior, senior等。

  He is superior to Mr Wang in mathematics.

  在比较从句中为了避免重复通常用that (those),one(ones)代替前面出现的名词。that指物,one既可指人,也可指物。that可代替可数名词单数和不可数名词,而one只能代替可数名词。例如:

  The book on the table is more interesting than that on the desk.

  A box made of iron is stronger than one made of wood.

  表示倍数的比较级有如下几种句型:

  A is three (four,etc.) times the size (height, length, width,etc) of B.

  The new building is four times the size (the height) of the old one.

  这座新楼是那座旧楼的四倍大(四倍高)。[高三倍]

  A is three (four, etc.) times as big (high, long, wide, etc.) as B.

  Asia is four times as large as Europe.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。

  A is three (four,etc.) times bigger (higher, longer, wider) than B.

  例如:Your school is three times bigger than ours.

  你们的学校比我们的学校大三倍。

  表示两倍可以用twice或double.

  表示“最高程度”的形容词,如excellent, extreme, perfect等,没有最高级,也不能用比较级。

  如果复数名词前有many、few,不可数名词前有much、little等表示量的形容词时,该用so而不用such.如:

  I've had so many falls that I'm black and blue all over.

  Mr White got so little money a month that he could hardly keep body and soul together.

  但little不表示数量而表示“小”的意思时,仍用such.如:

  They are such little children that the they cannot clean the house by themselves.

  almost与nearly

  在very, pretty, not后用nearly, 不用almost.例如:

  I'm not nearly ready.

  在any, no, none, never前用almost,不用nearly.例如:

  I almost never see her.



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