CV and Cover Letter FAQ
What is the difference between a Curriculum Vitae and a Résumé?
Firstly there is a language difference; Curriculum Vitae is Latin in origin and means “course of life” whilst Résumé is French for “summery”. Curriculum vitae is used in Commonwealth English and often abbreviated to CV. Résumé, which is sometimes spelt resumé or resume, is used in North American English. Commonwealth English is used in English speaking countries; apart from the USA. Canada is an exception as Canadians use elements of both Commonwealth and North American English.
首先是语言上的不同。Curriculum Vitae是拉丁语，意为生命的历程；Résumé是法语，意为综述。Curriculum Vitae常用于英式英语，缩写为CV；Résumé有时会被写成resumé或resume，常用语美式英语。英式英语是指除了美国以外其他使用英语的国家。加拿大是个例外，因为它两种英语都使用。
In British English we only use the term CV and, in form, it is what the Americans would call a résumé. It is short, usually one or two pages, and contains a summary of relevant job experience and education; it is this form of CV that we are looking at in this series of topics.
In American English a CV contains a list of all your professional history. This would include all your employment experience, academic qualifications and significant achievements. It could even include samples of your work and would run to many pages.
Is it necessary to send a cover letter with every CV?
Even if you have spent many hours polishing your CV, without a good covering letter, your work is only half done. The cover letter is an introduction and a hook to get the employer’s attention. It should make him or her want to know more about you, so he or she will bother to read your CV.
Can a graduate CV be longer than one page?
A new graduate CV should be no longer than a page; even job applicants with a long job history should limit themselves to two. Of course there are exceptions; a student, who has done numerous internships, volunteer work or other relevant work experience, may use two. However the general rule, for those who are first time job applicants or who are graduates, is one page only.
In the cover letter, is it necessary to address it to a specific person?
Yes, it is important to find out a name and personally address it. It shows initiative and shows you are really interested. Also make sure you know if the person is a man or a woman!
Should the CV and the cover letter be sent together?