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动词有哪些_高考语文文言文常考动词有哪些?

时间:2017-03-31 17:56:17编辑:庆华 手机版

  高考文言文中出现最多也最常考的就是动词,其中单音节动词考的特别多。下面由YJBYS小编为大家带来了动词有哪些_高考语文文言文常考动词有哪些?,以供大家参阅!

  1.诣:到,去。

  2.劝:①鼓励,奖励;②受到鼓励、奖励。

  3.课:考核、督促、征收。

  4.风、化:教育感化。

  5.按、案:巡视,巡行;考察,核实,查明。

  6.游:①游玩,游览;②旅行,外出求学或求官;③交际,交往。

  7.趣、趋:①小步走,跑;又引申为赶快,迅速。②通“促”,催促。

  8.劾:检举,揭发。

  9.白:告诉,报告。常用于官吏之间。

  10.短:进谗言,说坏话。

  11.害:嫉妒。

动词有哪些_高考语文文言文常考动词有哪些?

  12.闻:

  ①听说,听见;

  ②使知道,报告给……知道。对于义项

  ③要特别注意。其中省略的人往往是最高统治者——国君,强化了这一点,阅读时就不至于认为下文中国君和主人公发生的事件显得突兀。怎么国君知道了并参加进来了呢?其实就是“闻”字在起作用。如“没死以闻”,“齐桓晋文之事可得闻乎”。

  13.折:指斥,指责,驳斥。

  14.让:①责备,责怪;②谦让,辞让。

  15.党:偏袒,伙同,包庇。

  16.矫:假托,假传。

  17.质:作人质;抵押。

  18.次:①临时驻扎(用于军队);②住宿,停留(用于个人)。

  19.输:缴纳(贡品或赋税)——由“输送、运输”引申。

  20. 当:判刑,判罪。后多带表示惩罚意义的词语。

  21.坐:①因……犯罪或错误,触犯;②牵连,定罪。

  22.多:赞扬,欣赏。“高、贵”等字,若带宾语,就是意动,也意译为此。

  23.少:批评,轻视,看不起。

  拓展阅读

  transitive 及物的

  intransitive 不及物的

  Welcome to Daily Tips on Learning English. Today’s tip is to be aware of how some verbs in English, transitive verbs, require an object. (及物动词后需要加宾语)

  Not using an object after a transitive verb is a common mistake made by learners of English.

  初学者学英语经常犯的一个错误是不在及物动词后加宾语。

  For example, although in Chinese, you can say, “我喜欢”or “我不喜欢”without mentioning what you are talking about, in English, “like” requires an object. So you can’t say, “I like.” or “I don’t like.”

  例如,在中文里,你可以说“我喜欢”或“我不喜欢”,但是在英语里,用““I like.” 或是“I don’t like.”是错误的。

  You must say, “I like it.” or “I like them.” “I like her.” “I like you.” “I like Taiwan.” or “I don’t like it.” “I don’t like them.” “I don’t like him.” “I don’t like singing at KTVs.” You must use an object after “like” because it is a transitive verb.

  你需要在后面加相应的宾语,因为动词like是及物动词。

  Another common word which is misused is “want”. “want” is also a transitive verb and must be followed by an object. You cannot ask “do you want” as in the Chinese “你要不要?”“你要吗?

  “want”同样也是及物动词。

  ”You must ask “Do you want some?” if you are asking about something uncountable (不可数名词)like coffee or tea.

  “Do you want it?” if you are asking about a singular countable (单数可数名词)object like the last piece of pizza.

  “Do you want them?” if you are asking about plural countable objects(复数可数名词) such as some books.

  And “Do you want to?” or “Do you want to do it?” if you are asking about doing something (某个动作)like going to a movie or going to aconcert.

  The two verbs “like” and “want” are the two most commonly misused transitive verbs as in “I like” or “I want”. Be careful to complete the meaning of these transitive verbs by adding an object. And when using a pronoun, be careful to choose the proper pronoun(选择正确形式的代词).

  In English, certain verbs are used only transitively, some are used only intransitively, and some are used at times transitively and at other times intransitively.

  英语中,一些动词只可能作为及物动词,有些只能作为不及物动词,有些是既可作及物动词也可以作不及物动词。

  Today’s tip is to pay special attention when learning verbs, to learn whether or not the verb is transitive, and not to neglect adding an object if it is.

  在学习动词时,要注意哪些动词是及物动词,不要忘记在及物动词后加宾语。


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